19/04/2016

Amarakaeri communal reserve against Hunt Oil and Repsol, Peru

Harakbut, Matsiguenka and Yine in the Amarakaeri community reserve in the province of Manu (Madre de Dios) oppose gas and oil exploration by Hunt Oil and Repsol.


Description:

La reserva Amarakaeri fue creada en el 2002 con una extensión de 402 mil hectareas en la que viven 10 comunidades de los pueblos Harakbut, Matsiguenka y Yine en la provincia del Manu (Madre de Dios) pero sin embargo en el 2005 Hunt Oil se atribuye el lote de exploracion 76 que se superpone casi a toda la reserva y esto sin realizar ninguna consulta previa. En septiembre de 2009 durante una reunión desarrollada en las instalaciones de la Federación Nativa del río Madre de Dios y Afluentes (FENAMAD), los líderes indígenas Harakmbut, Yine y Machiguenga exigieron paralizar los trabajos de las líneas que atraviesan sus comunidades.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Amarakaeri communal reserve against Hunt Oil and Repsol, Peru
Country:Peru
State or province:Manu
(municipality or city/town)Madre de Dios
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Hunt Oil recibe en el 2006 en conseción el lote 76 para explorar y luego explotar gas y petroleo, a estas actividades se une Repsol.

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Project area:402,335
Level of Investment:745,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:1500
Start of the conflict:01/09/2009
Company names or state enterprises:Hunt Oil from United States of America
Repsol from Spain
Relevant government actors:Direccion Regional de Turismo Madre de Dios

UNAMAD Universidad Nacional de Madre de Dios

Ejecutor del Contrato de Administración de la Reserva Comunal Amarakaeri (ECA – Amarakaeri)

Jefatura de la RCA – SERNANP
International and Finance InstitutionsWWF from Mexico
Rainforest Alliance
Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD) (PNUD)
ACCA PERU
SMITHSONIAN
COICA
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Federación Nativa del Río Madre de Dios y Afluentes (FENAMAD) http://www.fenamad.org.pe/

Aidesep, COHARYIMA https://es-es.facebook.com/coharyima
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Land dispossession
Other socio-economic impactsPosible destrucción de patrimonio cultural arquelógico
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Court decision (undecided)
Negotiated alternative solution
Violent targeting of activists
Development of alternatives:Planes de manejo para el aprovechamiento sostenible de la castaña; implementación de líneas de base que controlan la calidad de las vertientes de los ríos Colorado y Madre de Dios cuyas nacientes se encuentran en la RCA; vigilancia comunal; la identificación y mapeo de los lugares ancestrales ubicados al interior de la reserva; creación de una Redd+ Indígena Amazónica que reconozca el esfuerzo histórico de los pueblos indígenas por conservar sus territorios frente a la crisis climática .

Elaboración del Plan Maestro 2016-2020
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:La empresa sigue con sus actividades de exploración, la empresa y las comunidades han firmado un convenio en la que la empresa capacita con educación y otros servicios a las comunidades pero hay mucha insatisfaccion y se crean conflictos entre las comunidades . FENAMAD defiende rico patrimonio arquelógico y biológico. Las alternativas presentadas avanzan también por su lado.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Contratos de Petroperú con Hunt Oil
[click to view]

Tribunal Constitucional admite recurso de amparo
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

FENAMAD sobre la explotación petrolera
[click to view]

Dirigentes indigenas perseguidos
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Indigenas sobre ellos mismos
[click to view]

Historia de la reserva
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Perú: Nativos de Reserva de Amarakaeri expresan rechazo a funcionarios de Hunt Oil, Servindi, 16 sept. 2009
[click to view]

Reserva Amarakaeri
[click to view]

Mnisterio del Ambiente sobre la reserva
[click to view]

Video Fenamad sobre la reserva Amarakaeri
[click to view]

US oil and gas firm Hunt urged to suspend Amazon exploration. Concerns over indigenous reserve and archaeological remains prompts call from local federation. David Hill, 27 Febr. 2014
[click to view]

Other documents

Reserva versus lote 76
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Raquel Neyra
Last update19/04/2016
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