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Amravati Thermal Power Project, Maharashtra, India


Amravati Thermal Power Project is located at village Nandgaonpeth in Amravati district of Maharashtra. The plant is of 1350 MW capacity and is setup by Indiabulls Power Ltd. (IPL.) [1] This project along with many other power plants has been proposed in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. These plants altogether will product 80,000 MW of electricity and have created heavy demands for water from rivers and reservoirs in the districts.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Amravati Thermal Power Project, Maharashtra, India
State or province:Maharashtra
Location of conflict:Village -Nandgaonpeth; District-Amravati
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Thermal power plants
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
Specific commodities:Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Amravati Thermal Power Project located in Amaravati district of Maharashtra. It is coal based power plant which generates 1350 MW of power. The land is provided by Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation’s (MIDC). The coal is supplied by South Eastern Coalfields Ltd. (SECL), Western Coalfields Ltd. (WCL) and Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd. (MCL). Vidharbha Irrigation Development Corporation (VIDC), Nagpur has approved water allocation 87.6 million cubic meters per annum. According to the company website, the Project has got all necessary environmental clearance from the concerned authorities [1].

Project area:546
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:125000-150000 (25,000 farmers)
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Vidharbha Irrigation Development Corporation from India
Indiabulls Power Limited from India
Indiabulls Group from India
Relevant government actors:Government of India, Ministry of Environment and Forest (Government of India), Government of Maharashtra, South Eastern Coalfields Ltd. (SECL), Western Coalfields Ltd. (WCL), Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd. (MCL), Vidharbha Irrigation Development Corporation (VIDC)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Upper Wardha Paani Bachao Kruti Samiti (a campaign to save water of the Upper Wardha dam), Kisan Ekta Manch, Greenpeace India, Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS), different political parties and Local Villagers
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Increase in violence and crime
Potential: Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project cancelled
Proposal and development of alternatives:Local people, farmers, activists from different political parties have opposed the diversion of water from the Upper Wardha to the project to the thermal power plant. People were afraid that the water diversion would reduce the irrigation potential of Amravati. The district is depending on agriculture and has already facing a severe irrigation crisis. Activists as well as farmers demanded that the farmers should be priorities for water use in agriculture and not for the power plant. Villagers including the local MLAs from the region had written their demands to the Chief Minister to scrap the project [4,7].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Vidarbha region, particularly in three districts of Amravati division are severely water short district in Maharastra. These districts are also affected by farmer suicides and rural distress [4]. The state government had diverted more than 80 million cubic metre of water generally used for agriculture from Wardha district to Indiabulls Power Ltd [6].
Even Bombay High Court had recently rejected an application by Vidarbha's farmers to withdraw recent order wherein to upheld allocation of 87.6 million cubic metres of water annually to Indiabulls' thermal power plant [5].
Even during the drought, the government has been favouring power plants in the drought affected regions instead of drinking water for the people. This is a gross violation of farmer's right [7]
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Environmental Clearance Stage 1
[click to view]

Environmental Clearence Stage 2
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Endangered Water
[click to view]

[1]Amravati Thermal Power Project
[click to view]

[2] Protesters stall work on thermal project in Amravati
[click to view]

[3] MNS members vandalize Indiabulls office in Amravati
[click to view]

[4] Protesters stall work on thermal project in Amravati
[click to view]

[5] After Mumbai, MNS workers attack Indiabulls' Amravati office
[click to view]

[6] Violence against Indiabulls reflects anger, anxiety of common man: MNS
[click to view]

[7] Greenpeace protests water diversion to power plants
[click to view]

Indiabulls' Amravati power plant lands in court n
[click to view]

Farmers ransack offices to protest power plants
[click to view]

Farmers complain of trespass, intimidation by power project officials
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Amravati : India Bulls Issue (in Marathi)
[click to view]

Amravati : Raj Thackrey on india bulls project (in Marathi)
[click to view]

Youth Commits Suicide as stir against Indiabulls takes serious turn-TV9
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1431
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