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Angangueo community vs Grupo Mexico, Michoacan, Mexico

Grupo Mexico announced reactivation of Angangueo mine using underground mining technologies to extract silver, zinc, lead and copper. This place hosts El Rosario sanctuary that is part of the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve.


The goal of Grupo Mexico is to reactivate silver, zinc, lead and copper underground mining in the hills surrounding the village. Here is the sanctuary of El Rosario, where each year receives the Monarch butterfly. the revival of the old underground mining in Angangeo (Michoacan) by the mining consortium Grupo Mexico would have therefore a significant environmental impact on biodiversity and also on water resources.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Angangueo community vs Grupo Mexico, Michoacan, Mexico
State or province:Michoacán
Location of conflict:Angangueo
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Establishment of reserves/national parks
Tailings from mines
Water access rights and entitlements
Mineral processing
Specific commodities:
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The company announced the investment of approximately 130 million USD pesos for reviving Angangeo mine, which stopped working years for 22 years, when it was operated by Impelling Angangeo Mining (Imasa).

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Level of Investment:135,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:10,770
Start of the conflict:2011
Company names or state enterprises:Grupo Mexico from Mexico
Relevant government actors:México's government/ Secretaría de medio ambiente y recursos naturales (SEMARNAT)/ Secretaría de Economía (SE)/ Procuraduría Federal de Protección al Ambiente (PROFEPA). Secondary actors: Servicio Geológico Mexicano.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Angangueo community (Michoacan), Conservationist groups (Monarch butterfly)
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Artisanal miners
Industrial workers
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Noise pollution, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases, Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
To emphasize conservation (against deforestation and mining) because the Monarch buttefly sanctuary of El Rosario is in Angangueo.
Also Angangueo was notified in 2012 as a Pueblo Mágico, for tourist attraction.
Development of alternatives:Just compensation for workers.
Conservation. Eco-tourism.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The labor dispute was not resolved and the environmental impacts continue.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Ley General del Equilibrio Ecológico y Protección al Ambiente, LEGEPA, 2005 /Ley inversión extranjera, 2001/ Ley Minera, 2006 / Reglamento de la Ley de Inversión Extranjera, 1998 / The North American Free Trade Agreement, TLC, 1994/ Article 27 of Mexican Constitution

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Angangueo, 2012, Pueblo Magico
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites
[click to view]

The New York Times, A Mine vs. a Million Monarchs, by Dan Fagin, April 29, 2016
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El Despertar. Pedirán a expertos internacionales evaluar amenazas de proyecto minero. 23 noviembre 2017 .
[click to view]

Descripcion de las inversiones previstas del Grupo Mexico en todo el mundo, incluido Angangueo.
[click to view]

Milenio, Fanny Miranda. 10.05.2016. Grupo México no usa permiso minero en reserva de la Monarca. La Semarnat dijo que la minera "tienen autorización de hace muchos años, pero no la han usado, porque la escala no es la que les conviene, esperan una más grande".
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Video. El caso de la minera de Angangueo. 2012
[click to view]

Other documents

Mariposa monarca
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Research Group of Mining Landscapes in Mexico, Center for Research in Environmental Geography, National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM, Morelia´s campus.& Joan Martinez Alier
Last update08/09/2018
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