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Antipollution protests against solar panel manufacturers, Quanzhou, Fujian, China

More than a thousand of local residents protested since December 2015 against a solar panel manufacturer near their residential area in Quanzhou City, Fujian Province.


Since 14 December 2015, more than a thousand local residents protested against the settlement of a solar panel manufacturer near their residential area in Shoudou and Xiadian Community, Quanzhou City, Fujian Province. The demonstrators included the elderly and women, who gathered to block the street to protest for three days, until the Wednesday night 16 December 2015 when the police dispersed the crowd by force. Subsequently, many residents were wounded by a large number of anti-riot police and nearly twenty people were detained. The main  concern to the local residents was the potential pollution and radiation from the planned solar cell plant, and residents were not consulted during the environmental impact assessment of the project. It was reflected that they sent petition letters to the government, but without any responses. Thus, the purpose of the demonstration is to render the administrative authorities to respect the public opinion and to stop the project. [1]

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Antipollution protests against solar panel manufacturers, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
State or province:Fujian
Location of conflict:Shoudou and Xiadian community, Changtai Street, Licheng District, Quanzhou City
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Large-scale solar plants
Manufacturing activities
Specific commodities:Carbon offsets
Chemical products
Copper indium gallium selenide solar cells
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Apollo Precision (Fujian) Ltd. distributes equipments and turnkey production line for the manufacturing of silicon based thin film solar photovoltaic modules. The company is based in China. Apollo Precision (Fujian) Ltd. operates as a subsidiary of Apollo Solar Energy Technology Holdings Limited.

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Project area:300
Level of Investment:223,990,320
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:more than 2,000
Start of the conflict:2015
Company names or state enterprises:Apollo Precision (Fujian) Ltd. from China
Hanergy Thin Film Power Group Limited (Hanergy TFP) from China
Apollo Solar Energy Technology Holdings Limited.
Hanergy Holding Group Ltd. (Hanergy) from China
Relevant government actors:-Government of Licheng District
-Government of Quanzhou City
-The police official of Xiadian community.
-Quanzhou Environmental Protection Bureau
-Environmental Protection Bureau of Licheng District
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:More than a thousand local residents protested
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Objections to the EIA
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Other Environmental impacts
Other Environmental impactsRadiation
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The authorities didn't respond to the appeal of the villagers, the local media did not report the incident, online messages were massively deleted. The project is under operation.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[3] Green, Martin A., et al. "Solar cell efficiency tables (version 50)." Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications 25.7 (2017): 668-676.
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[5]CIG靶材项目将落户鲤城遭环保质疑官方一一回应-泉州网 - 泉州晚报 The respond from Licheng authorities about the environmental questioning of CIG project settle down. - Quanzhou Website- Quanzhou evening newspaper.
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[1]福建农民连日抗议化工项目遭千警镇压/Many farmers protest against the factory projects by military police crackdown in Fujian.
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[2]污染项目落址居民区 村老抗议遭千警镇压
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[6]太阳能光伏真的清洁吗?来看看“隐藏”污染/ Is the solar power can really clearn? Let's see the 'hidden' pollution.
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[9]新京报财讯-停牌近三年后汉能薄膜达成所有复牌条件:向香港证监会提交披露文件 千亿级扩张或规避关联交易
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[8] UPDATE 1-Hanergy seeks trading resumption as parent pays down overdue cash
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[6] How clean is solar power?
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[7] China's former richest man now banned from Hong Kong's business world
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

福建农民连日抗议化工项目遭千警镇压 Youtube
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Meta information
Contributor:EnvJustice, ICTA-UAB/ NWAFU interns
Last update23/11/2020
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