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Antipollution protests against JinkoSolar Company, Haining, Zhejiang, China

Solar is not necessarily clean. The massive production of panels and improper management of polluting agents contaminate waters and soils. 500 local farmers and residents gathered in 2011 at the JinkoSolar plant to demand an end to the pollution


Since April 2011 the JinkoSolar plant near the industrial city of Haining failed local Environmental Protection Bureau pollution tests. A further investigation was launched in May, but problems continued. Throughout late August and early September 2011, local residents found a large quantity of dead fish in streams and rivers near the plant[1].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Antipollution protests against JinkoSolar Company, Haining, Zhejiang, China
State or province:Zhejiang
Location of conflict:Hongxiao village, Yuanhua Township, Haining City, Jiaxing
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Large-scale solar plants
Specific commodities:Carbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Production capacity in Haining is 1.2 GW

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Level of Investment:317,800,000.00
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:3,000
Start of the conflict:15/09/2011
End of the conflict:20/09/2011
Company names or state enterprises:JinkoSolar Holding Co., Ltd. (JinkoSolar) from China
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Application of existing regulations
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:It was halted temporarily due to the protests, however, solar PV is a large industry in this area and the company continues to operate anyway, there are also many other similar companies around.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[3] JinkoSolar
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[7]惊现雷同环评报告 晶科能源“氟泄漏”疑点重重
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[2] Over 500 villagers protest China factory pollution
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[4] ChinaDialogue: A darker side of Chinese clean-tech
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[5]晶科污染门引发村民抗议 光伏企业被曝污染内幕
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[1] Chinese Protesters Accuse Solar Panel Plant of Pollution
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[8] Environental protests halt production at polluting Chinese solar panel plant
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Contributor:EnvJustice, ICTA-UAB
Last update18/08/2019
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