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APNRL coal power plant in Padampur, Jharkhand, India


Adhunik Power & Natural Resources Limited (APNRL) has inaugurated its first unit of 2 x270 MW coal fired thermal power plant on 16th October 2012 at Padampur village of Saraikela-Kharsawan district of Jharkhand, India. The power plant was inaugurated by the Hon’ble Chief Minister of Jharkhand Shri Arjun Munda along with other dignitaries of state government [1]. The first unit of the project (land requirement 119 hectare and investment Rs 1226.118 crore) has got environmental clearance from the Union Government in 2009 [2]. Preparation for another 270MW unit is going on and are expected to be completed soon (land requirement 800.62 acres and Rs 5926.27 crore) . The second unit has also got Environment clearance in 2011 [3].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:APNRL coal power plant in Padampur, Jharkhand, India
State or province:Jharkhand
Location of conflict:Village-Padampur, District- Saraikela-Kharsawan
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Thermal power plants
Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Adhunik Power and Natural Resources Ltd. generates power from coal. The company was incorporated in 2005 and is based in Jamshedpur, India. Adhunik Power and Natural Resources Ltd. operates as a subsidiary of Adhunik Metaliks, Ltd [5].

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Project area:443
Level of Investment:1,192,528,680
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:20,000-25,000
Start of the conflict:2013
Company names or state enterprises:Adhunik Metaliks Limited from India
Adhunik Power and Natural Resources Limited from India - Adhunik Power and Natural Resources Limited is a Adhunik Metaliks Limited is the main executor of the project
Adhunik Group from India
Relevant government actors:Jharkhand State Pollution Control Board (JSPCB)
Ministry of Enviornment and Forest, Government of India
Central Pollution Control Board, Government of India
Government of Jharkhand
International and Finance InstitutionsIDFC Project Equity Co Ltd from India - Financing
Macquarie group from Australia - Financing
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Akhil Bharatiya Adivasi Mahasabha
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Landless peasants
Forms of mobilization:Objections to the EIA
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Waste overflow
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
Other Health impactsExposure to ashes, respiratory problems
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Development of alternatives:Akhil Bharatiya Adivasi Mahasabha is leading the villagers’ protest. The activists from the organization has observed the colour change of the rivulet’s water [4]. A delegation of the tribal organization met Jharkhand State Pollution Control Board’s (JSPCB) regional officer but did not get positive response. They also meet Seraikela subdivisional officer (SDO), urging him to take strong steps to curb pollution. According to them villages can not be be deprived of water they had been enjoying since ages. They want Adhunik power plant to either take necessary steps to ensure a pollution-free environment or else close the plant. They said that if the pollution from the plant has not been checked they would approach New Delhi’s Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) [5]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Residents of 23 villages approached Akhil Bharatiya Adivasi Mahasabha. It is a leading tribal outfit that works to safeguard the interests of local people. The organization especially works for the tribal’s interest. The organization put pressure on the company to stop polluting the rivulet The factory has claimed that they set up an ash pond to capture “bottom ash” and installed an electrostatic precipitator, back filter and dry-spraying systems to trap air particles. But, local residents have a contradictory claim. They say the fly ash from the power plant flows to a rivulet that runs through more than 23 villages till it meets the Subernarekha. Subernarekha rover is the lifeline of Jharkhand district. This waste overflow is ultimately harming farmland, flora and fauna of the entire region [5].
JSPCB regional officials said that they have first sent a team to the spot for physical verification and collection of water samples from the rivulet. After observing the sample, which has turned whitish, and they have issued a show cause notice to the company. The water sample has been sent to the board’s laboratory in Ranchi, the Capital of Jharkhand for necessary examination. The JSPCB is waiting for the final test report. Till the final test report, they had asked APNRL to monitor the total suspended particulate level in the effluents.
Acting on the show cause notice the thermal power plant has repaired the defective water pump that was contributing to leakage of water containing fly ash into the rivulet. The accumulated fly ash is also being removed at regular intervals and transported in covered trucks to Jadugora for filling the abandoned open-cast mines of Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL). The company is in the process of creating another ash pond would be created [4].
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

The water (prevention & control of pollution) act, 1974
[click to view]

The air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981
[click to view]

The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (FRA)
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[3] Environmental Clearance Letter - Unit II
[click to view]

[4] Pollution rap prompts power firm to plug fly ash pond
[click to view]

[5] Power to pollute rivulet Villagers blame Adhunik plant
[click to view]

[6] Company Overview of Adhunik Power and Natural Resources Limited
[click to view]

[1] Adhunik Power and Natural Resources Limited
[click to view]

[2] Environmental Clearance Letter - Unit I
[click to view]

[7] Adhunik power plant set to light up homes in Jharkhand
[click to view]

Times of India
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Adhunik Power to begin phase I of Jharkhand project in 2012
[click to view]

Other documents

Adhunik Power and Natural Resources Limited Source :
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update03/05/2014
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