APNRL coal power plant in Padampur, Jharkhand, India


Adhunik Power & Natural Resources Limited (APNRL) has inaugurated its first unit of 2 x270 MW coal fired thermal power plant on 16th October 2012 at Padampur village of Saraikela-Kharsawan district of Jharkhand, India. The power plant was inaugurated by the Hon’ble Chief Minister of Jharkhand Shri Arjun Munda along with other dignitaries of state government [1]. The first unit of the project (land requirement 119 hectare and investment Rs 1226.118 crore) has got environmental clearance from the Union Government in 2009 [2]. Preparation for another 270MW unit is going on and are expected to be completed soon (land requirement 800.62 acres and Rs 5926.27 crore) . The second unit has also got Environment clearance in 2011 [3].

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Basic Data
NameAPNRL coal power plant in Padampur, Jharkhand, India
SiteVillage-Padampur, District- Saraikela-Kharsawan
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAdhunik Power and Natural Resources Ltd. generates power from coal. The company was incorporated in 2005 and is based in Jamshedpur, India. Adhunik Power and Natural Resources Ltd. operates as a subsidiary of Adhunik Metaliks, Ltd [5].

The Company signed an MoU for 1080 MW with Government of Jharkhand [6]. Its first plant at Saraikela-Kharsawan district is estimated to provide jobs to 20,000 people. As a first step towards this end, this company is setting up a 540 MW (2 x 270) plant at Padampur and Srirampur village in Sareikela-Kharsawan district [7]. The power plant uses 3,500 tonnes of coal and generates 1,500 tonnes of fly ash a day [5]. The fuel linkage of the power station will be from captive Ganeshpur coal block. The coal block has been allotted to APNRL and Tata Steel on a 50:50 JV basis. Jharkhand state will purchase 25 percent of its total generated power for supply and consumption in Jharkhand [7].
Project Area (in hectares)443
Level of Investment (in USD)1,192,528,680
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population20,000-25,000
Start Date2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesAdhunik Metaliks Limited from India
Adhunik Power and Natural Resources Limited from India - Adhunik Power and Natural Resources Limited is a Adhunik Metaliks Limited is the main executor of the project
Adhunik Group from India
Relevant government actorsJharkhand State Pollution Control Board (JSPCB)

Ministry of Enviornment and Forest, Government of India

Central Pollution Control Board, Government of India

Government of Jharkhand
International and Financial InstitutionsIDFC Project Equity Co Ltd from India - Financing
Macquarie group from Australia - Financing
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAkhil Bharatiya Adivasi Mahasabha
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Landless peasants
Forms of MobilizationObjections to the EIA
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Waste overflow
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
OtherExposure to ashes, respiratory problems
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Development of AlternativesAkhil Bharatiya Adivasi Mahasabha is leading the villagers’ protest. The activists from the organization has observed the colour change of the rivulet’s water [4]. A delegation of the tribal organization met Jharkhand State Pollution Control Board’s (JSPCB) regional officer but did not get positive response. They also meet Seraikela subdivisional officer (SDO), urging him to take strong steps to curb pollution. According to them villages can not be be deprived of water they had been enjoying since ages. They want Adhunik power plant to either take necessary steps to ensure a pollution-free environment or else close the plant. They said that if the pollution from the plant has not been checked they would approach New Delhi’s Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) [5]
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Residents of 23 villages approached Akhil Bharatiya Adivasi Mahasabha. It is a leading tribal outfit that works to safeguard the interests of local people. The organization especially works for the tribal’s interest. The organization put pressure on the company to stop polluting the rivulet The factory has claimed that they set up an ash pond to capture “bottom ash” and installed an electrostatic precipitator, back filter and dry-spraying systems to trap air particles. But, local residents have a contradictory claim. They say the fly ash from the power plant flows to a rivulet that runs through more than 23 villages till it meets the Subernarekha. Subernarekha rover is the lifeline of Jharkhand district. This waste overflow is ultimately harming farmland, flora and fauna of the entire region [5].

JSPCB regional officials said that they have first sent a team to the spot for physical verification and collection of water samples from the rivulet. After observing the sample, which has turned whitish, and they have issued a show cause notice to the company. The water sample has been sent to the board’s laboratory in Ranchi, the Capital of Jharkhand for necessary examination. The JSPCB is waiting for the final test report. Till the final test report, they had asked APNRL to monitor the total suspended particulate level in the effluents.

Acting on the show cause notice the thermal power plant has repaired the defective water pump that was contributing to leakage of water containing fly ash into the rivulet. The accumulated fly ash is also being removed at regular intervals and transported in covered trucks to Jadugora for filling the abandoned open-cast mines of Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL). The company is in the process of creating another ash pond would be created [4].
Sources and Materials

The water (prevention & control of pollution) act, 1974
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The air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981
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The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (FRA)
[click to view]


[3] Environmental Clearance Letter - Unit II
[click to view]

[4] Pollution rap prompts power firm to plug fly ash pond
[click to view]

[5] Power to pollute rivulet Villagers blame Adhunik plant
[click to view]

[6] Company Overview of Adhunik Power and Natural Resources Limited
[click to view]

[1] Adhunik Power and Natural Resources Limited
[click to view]

[2] Environmental Clearance Letter - Unit I
[click to view]

[7] Adhunik power plant set to light up homes in Jharkhand
[click to view]

Times of India
[click to view]

Media Links

Adhunik Power to begin phase I of Jharkhand project in 2012
[click to view]

Other Documents

Adhunik Power and Natural Resources Limited Source : http://www.adhunikgroup.com/companies/aprnl.html
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update03/05/2014