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Ashaninka people against dams, Peru


Peru will allow Brazil to build six dams in the Amazon to generate electricity for Brazil under a 50-year energy agreement. The land on which these are scheduled to be built is protected and indigenous peoples are supposed to be consulted. However, such consultation has allegedly not been done. The communities occupying the land reportedly see the forest as a mother, a provider, who must be treated gently and with respect.

Basic Data
Name of conflict:Ashaninka people against dams, Peru
State or province:Junin
Location of conflict:Ene-Tambo river basin
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Land acquisition conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:Aluminum/Bauxite
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Pakitzapango dam would generate 2,200 MW, while displacing some 10,000 people.

See more
Project area:73.4
Type of populationUnknown
Start of the conflict:2009
Company names or state enterprises:Electrobras from Brazil
Engevix Engenharia S.A. from Brazil
Camargo Corrêa S.A from Brazil
Odebrecht Ambiental from Brazil
Constructura Andrade Gutierrez S.A. (AG) from Brazil
Relevant government actors:Govts. of Peru and Brazil
International and Finance InstitutionsBanco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social (BNDES) from Brazil
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:International Rivers, Central Ashaninka del Río Ene (CARE)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
involvement of indigenous NGOs; indigenous mistrust of media etc.
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow)
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Land demarcation
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Convention No. 169 of the International Labour Organization (ILO)

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Brazil Eyes the Peruvian Amazon, International Rivers
[click to view]

International Rivers
[click to view]

Dam Project Threatens a Way of Life in Peru
[click to view]

'Peru-Brazil Energy Agreement Challenged in Peru Court'
[click to view]

BHR webpage
[click to view]

The Ashaninka, A Threatened Way of Life
[click to view]

Financial Times, 'Hydroelectric power: Spate of dam building meets resistance'
[click to view]

'Flooding Our Future: Megadams of the Peruvian Amazon'
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Flooding our Future
[click to view]

Mapa de Inundacion
[click to view]

'La represa de Pakitzapango y el impacto en la comunidad ashaninka'
[click to view]

Paremos Paquitzapango, video
[click to view]

Other comments:0
Meta information
Contributor:Malena Bengtsson
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:832
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