Ashaninka people against dams, Peru


Peru will allow Brazil to build six dams in the Amazon to generate electricity for Brazil under a 50-year energy agreement. The land on which these are scheduled to be built is protected and indigenous peoples are supposed to be consulted. However, such consultation has allegedly not been done. The communities occupying the land reportedly see the forest as a mother, a provider, who must be treated gently and with respect.

Basic Data
NameAshaninka people against dams, Peru
SiteEne-Tambo river basin
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Land acquisition conflicts
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesElectricity

Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe Pakitzapango dam would generate 2,200 MW, while displacing some 10,000 people.

The project is part of a proposal for as many as five dams that under a 2010 energy agreement would generate more than 6,500 megawatts, primarily for export to neighboring Brazil. The dams would displace thousands of people in the process.
Project Area (in hectares)73.4
Type of PopulationUnknown
Start Date2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesElectrobras from Brazil
Engevix Engenharia S.A. from Brazil
Camargo Corrêa S.A from Brazil
Odebrecht Ambiental from Brazil
Constructura Andrade Gutierrez S.A. (AG) from Brazil
Relevant government actorsGovts. of Peru and Brazil
International and Financial InstitutionsBanco Nacional de Desarrollo del Brazil from Brazil
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersInternational Rivers, Central Ashaninka del Río Ene (CARE)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
involvement of indigenous NGOs; indigenous mistrust of media etc.
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow)
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Violent targeting of activists
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Land demarcation
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Criminalization of activists
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Sources and Materials

Convention No. 169 of the International Labour Organization (ILO)


Brazil Eyes the Peruvian Amazon, International Rivers
[click to view]


BHR webpage
[click to view]

Dam Project Threatens a Way of Life in Peru
[click to view]

The Ashaninka, A Threatened Way of Life
[click to view]

International Rivers
[click to view]

Financial Times, 'Hydroelectric power: Spate of dam building meets resistance'
[click to view]

'Peru-Brazil Energy Agreement Challenged in Peru Court'
[click to view]

'Flooding Our Future: Megadams of the Peruvian Amazon'
[click to view]

Media Links

Mapa de Inundacion
[click to view]

Flooding our Future
[click to view]

Paremos Paquitzapango, video
[click to view]

'La represa de Pakitzapango y el impacto en la comunidad ashaninka'
[click to view]

Other Comments0
Meta Information
ContributorMalena Bengtsson
Last update08/10/2014