|Project Details||The road construction is part of the larger Asian Highway network project that aims to develop road infrastructure across Asia, to increase connectivity and trade among the regions . The road project described in this entry aims to complete the link between the Asian Highway 1 (AH1) and the East-West Economic Corridor (EWEC). It is developed in two parts.|
From Thin Gan Nyi Naung to Kawkareik:
The 28km long AH1 section from Thin Gan Nyi Naung to Kawkareik is financed by NEDA. The contract covered an investment of 1,140,343,350 Thai baht (32,581,239 USD) and was awarded on January 11th, 2012. The new highway cuts through the Dawna Mountain range and was opened to the public in August 2015 .
The government announced compensation rates at 1.5 million Kyat (1,270 USD) per acre of lost land. According to the KESAN, KHRG and THWEE report, this covers only the costs of rebuilding a bamboo shelter, but not the purchase of new land. People were furthermore coerced to accept compensations. If they wouldn’t accept, they were told, the money would be used for other things while they would receive nothing at all .
In absence of grievance mechanisms, people complained to the Karen National Union (KNU). The KNU negotiated and additional 0.5 million Kyat of compensation, which was however still below the needs of the villagers [1, see also 8].
From Kawkareik to Eindu:
The section from Kawkareik to Eindu and the widening of the adjacent Right of Way is financed by ADB through a 100 million USD loan. Project implementation is carried out by the Ministry of Construction and the China Road and Bridge Co. Ltd. .
Villages affected in this stretch : 1) Mya Pyi village; 2) Eindu village; 3) Lu Nya village; 4) Ka Nay Du village; 5) Kawk Ka Da village; 6) Thayar Gone village; 7) Weh Kayin village; 8) Durein village; 9) Kyakalay village; 10) Ma Neh K’Kyeh village; 11) Kyonedoe Town; 12) Nwa Cha Kone village; 13) Nya Taing village; 14) Yay Pu village; 15) Lay Taing village; 16) Kone Taing village; 17) Tada Kyo village; and 18) Hlaing Wa village .
|Project Area (in hectares)||NA|
|Level of Investment (in USD)||>100,000,000 + 32,000,000 USD (see project details)|
|Type of Population||Rural|
|Potential Affected Population||17 + 114 households|
|Company Names or State Enterprises||Seesaeng Kanyotha Company Ltd. from Thailand - constructor|
China Road and Bridge Engineering Co., Ltd. (CRBC) from China
|Relevant government actors||Myanmar Ministry of Construction|
Myanmar’s Border Guard Forces
Thailand Department of Highways
|International and Financial Institutions||Asian Development Bank (ADB)|
Neighbouring Countries Economic Development Cooperation Agency (NEDA) from Thailand - finance
|Environmental justice organisations and other supporters||KESAN, Karen Environmental and Social Action Network, http://www.kesan.asia/|
KHRG Karen Human Rights Group, http://khrg.org/
THWEE Community Development Network
KPSN Karen Peace and Support Network
The Border Consortium
International Senior Lawyers