Athena power plant by ACPL, Chhattisgarh, India


Athena Chhattisgarh Power Limited (ACPL) is a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) for developing and implementing a domestic coal based Thermal Power Project [1]. ACPPL is a group of Hyderabad-based Athena Power Private Limited (APPL) and has planned to set up two units of 600 MW each in Singhatarai village of Janjgir-Champa district [2]. Athena Chhattisgarh Power Limited has signed an implementation agreement with Government of Chhattisgarh (GoC) for the development of the project. Coal linkage for part of the project capacity has been granted. The site proposed belongs to a fertile district, with more than 80% of irrigated land. Road and rail connection is good, due to the fact that it is very closed to Kobra district; this latter is sadly known for being one of the most polluted areas in the country and this was due to mining and industrial activities. This led to a moratorium being imposed there by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) on any further environment clearances being granted in that region. The interests now are converging towards the neighboring Janjgir-Champa. The state government has signed around 34 memoranda of understanding (MoUs) for thermal power plants slated to produce around 34,000 MW— almost onefourth of India’s current thermal power production and enough to feed all of north or south India.

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Basic Data
NameAthena power plant by ACPL, Chhattisgarh, India
SiteVillage - Singhatarai; District- Janjgir-Champa
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Coal extraction and processing
Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity

Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe plant is planned to be developed in one stage with a total generation capacity of about 1,200 MW. The project configuration will be two units of about 600 MW each.
Project Area (in hectares)400
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesAthena Chhattisgarh Power Limited (ACPL) from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Chhattisgarh
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersJan Chetanaa
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBoycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
New legislation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The National Environment Appellate Authority (NEAA) went through the video recording of the Public Hearing and found that there was massive opposition of the public to the project, which was not taken into account for the environmental clearance.

The Public Hearing held on 5th April, 2010 took place far away from the planned project area, preventing peoples participation. The Environmental Clearance received in June 2010 is therefore questionable.
Sources and Materials

National Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy 2007
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How To Destroy A District
[click to view]

[3] Athena Chhattisgarh power station
[click to view]

[2] Environment body cancels clearance to Athena Chhattisgarh Power
[click to view]

[1] Athena Chhattisgarh Power Limited (ACPL) Project Details
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update20/07/2014