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Atlantic Coast Natural Gas Pipeline. Virginia, USA

Proposed pipeline through historic Shenandoah Valley meets civil disobedience by local landowners and grassroots climate activists


In 2015, energy companies across the US Mid-Atlantic region announced plans to build a 550 mile fracked-gas pipeline through the Shenandoah Valley. The pipeline would collect fracked gas from the Marcellus and Utica shale basins in Ohio, Pennslyvania and West Virginia, and transport them for refinement in North Carolina.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Atlantic Coast Natural Gas Pipeline. Virginia, USA
Country:United States of America
State or province:Virginia
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Other
Shale gas fracking
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Oil and gas refining
Specific commodities:Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Project area:142,449
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:02/01/2015
Company names or state enterprises:Dominion Energy from United States of America - Principal investor
Duke Energy from United States of America
Piedmont Natural Gas from United States of America
Relevant government actors:Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Richmond Resistance
Free Nelson
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Shareholder/financial activism.
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Global warming
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Proposal and development of alternatives:Climate justice activists are proposing that the State of Virginia divest from fossil fuels. Landowners along the pipeline cooridor are developing a proposal for an alternative route to the pipeline.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Dominion has started surveying land across the pipeline corridor, but construction has yet to begin.
Sources & Materials

Southern Studies Institute
[click to view]

Richmond Resistance
[click to view]

Friends of Nelson
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Eleanor Finley, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1816
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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