Atlantic Coast Natural Gas Pipeline. Virginia, USA

Proposed pipeline through historic Shenandoah Valley meets civil disobedience by local landowners and grassroots climate activists


In 2015, energy companies across the US Mid-Atlantic region announced plans to build a 550 mile fracked-gas pipeline through the Shenandoah Valley. The pipeline would collect fracked gas from the Marcellus and Utica shale basins in Ohio, Pennslyvania and West Virginia, and transport them for refinement in North Carolina.

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Basic Data
NameAtlantic Coast Natural Gas Pipeline. Virginia, USA
CountryUnited States of America
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Shale gas fracking
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Oil and gas refining
Specific CommoditiesNatural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)142,449
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date02/01/2015
Company Names or State EnterprisesDominion Energy from United States of America - Principal investor
Duke Energy from United States of America
Piedmont Natural Gas from United States of America
Relevant government actorsFederal Energy Regulatory Commission
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersRichmond Resistance

Free Nelson
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Shareholder/financial activism.
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Global warming
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Development of AlternativesClimate justice activists are proposing that the State of Virginia divest from fossil fuels. Landowners along the pipeline cooridor are developing a proposal for an alternative route to the pipeline.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Dominion has started surveying land across the pipeline corridor, but construction has yet to begin.
Sources and Materials

Southern Studies Institute
[click to view]

Friends of Nelson
[click to view]

Richmond Resistance
[click to view]

Other Documents

Dominion Headquarters Blockade Climate justice activists blockade the headquarters of Dominion in Richmond, VA.
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorEleanor Finley, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Last update09/03/2015