Baita Craciunesti Teascu gold deposit, Romania

A gold exploration site purchased by Gabriel Resources in the NATURA 2000 site ROSPA 0132, at only 5km away from Certej mining area


Description

Băiţa locality lies in the north of Hunedoara county, at the base of Metaliferi Mountains, 25 km distant from Deva city and 24 km distant from Brad town. Băiţa commune covers 11,139 ha and includes 11 villages, totalling 3,582 inhabitants. The specific activities in the area are animal farming and agriculture. The mining area is located outside the built-up area of Barbura village, Băiţa commune, on a land with forest vegetation, pastures and meadow lands under state ownership. The exploration area lies within the NATURA 2000 site ROSPA 0132 - Special Avifauna Protection Area Metaliferi Mountains. The site is characterised by two major groups of habitat: open lands and forests. According to the analysis performed by professors of the Academy for Economic Studies in Bucharest, Gabriel Resources purchased in 1999 two projects, Bolcana and Băiţa-Crăciuneşti, holding thus 6 projects in the Golden Quadrilateral of Romania at that time: Rosia Montana, Bucium, Certej, Zlatna, Baita, Craciunesti, Bolcana. The same year Deva Gold was awarded the exploration license as operator of the Băiţa-Crăciuneşti project. In February 2000, Gabriel announced the company restructuring and the splitting of the existing project portfolio to two separate companies, Gabriel Resources and European Goldfields. The latter was allocated the Certej, Zlatna, Bolcana and Băiţa-Crăciuneşti projects.

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Basic Data
NameBaita Craciunesti Teascu gold deposit, Romania
CountryRomania
ProvinceHunedoara
SiteBaita Craciunesti
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Mineral processing
Specific CommoditiesGold
Silver
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsName of mining area: area Baita Craciunesti, Teascu deposit

Location: outside the built-up areas of Fizeş locality, on the administrative territory of Băiţa and Certeju de Sus communes, Hunedoara

Licence issuance date: under approval process No. 14117/ 05.2011

Project holder 2013: Deva Gold SA

Shareholders: Eldorado Gold (80%) (by it’s subsidiary Deva Gold Barbados Ltd.) and Minvest Deva (<20%)

Data on the deposit: 50 tons of gold

Project permitting stage: preparation of PUZ (Regional Urban Planning)
Project Area (in hectares)11,139
Level of Investment (in USD)3,900,000.00
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population3,500
Start Date30/07/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesNational Company for Copper, Gold and Iron - Minvest S.A. (Minvest Deva) from Romania
Deva Gold SA from Romania
Eldorado Gold Corporation (eldoradogold) from Canada
Relevant government actorsNational Agency for Mineral Resources (NAMR)

Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MMSC)

Agency Hunedoara (Hunedoara EPA)

Hunedoara County Council
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersThe Mining Watch Romania network

Independent Centre for the Development of Environmental Resources

Alburnus Maior Association

Efectul Fluture Association
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
OtherPotential significant damage to the protected area - ROSPA 0132 in the Metaliferi Mountains
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The National Agency for Environmental Protection accepted the EIA proposed by DEVA GOLD SA, even though it states that there is "a potential, significant impact on the protected natural area of the site ROSPA 0132 in the Metaliferi Mountains".
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Approval of the EIA by the National Agency for Environmental Protection
[click to view]

References

About Baita Craciunesti - Teascu deposit
[click to view]

Ming Watch Romania - Transilvania, Teren Minat (in Rumanian)
[click to view]

Links

The Băiţa – Crăciuneşti gold mines – historical guidelines
[click to view]

THE APPROVAL STAGES FOR THE MINING PROJECT BĂIŢA CRĂCIUNEŞTI, TEASCU DEPOSIT
[click to view]

Greennews - “Autunno romeno”. Un vento che soffia nell’Est che ancora non conosciamo, Oct 2013 (in Italian)
[click to view]

Other Documents

Source: Mining Watch
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorRoxana Pencea, Raluca Vestemeanu - Mining Watch Romania, [email protected]
Last update21/04/2017
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