Bashkir Nuclear Power Plant, Russia

The idea of building the Bashkir NPP in Agidel was revived 30 year after being stopped by Russian anti-nuclear movement.


Town of Agidel  in northwestern Bashkortostan was built in 1980s for the purpose of hosting the Bashkir nuclear power plant (NPP). The construction of the Bashkir NPP started in 1989-90 but was suspended in 1991 due to environmental concerns by the general public and the Russian anti-nuclear movement, which has emerged after Chernobyl disasters in 1986. The anti-nuclear activists organized protests in front of the House of the Government of the Russian Federation and were supported by eminent scientists who suggested that the area was not apt to host a NPP due to tectonic activities and swamp soil. The Russian authorities decision to mothball construction of Bashkir NPP left half of the inhabitants of Agidel without jobs. 

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Basic Data
NameBashkir Nuclear Power Plant, Russia
CountryRussian Federation
ProvinceThe Republic of Bashkortostan
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAbout 100 million federal funds were spent annually on the maintenance and protection of the Bashkir NPP buildings under construction.

Construction of the Bashkir NPP will cost 802 million rubles (14 million USD) per year.

2.4 gigawatts is Bashkir NPP’s hypothetical capacity.
Project Area (in hectares)235
Level of Investment (in USD)8,225 billion USD (270 billion Russian rubles)
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population16,000 (population of Agidel)
Start Date1980
Company Names or State EnterprisesThe Russian State Atomic Energy Corporation (ROSATOM) from Russian Federation - Owner and investor in the Bashkir NPP
Relevant government actorsThe Russian State Assembly Industry, Construction, Transport, and Communications Committee; The Ministry for Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation (MINATOM); The Bashkir State Assembly; The Bashkir parliament
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersRussian Interregional Ecological Public Organization ECA
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Anti-nuclear movement
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseProject temporarily suspended
New federal program for development of the nuclear energy; Public consultations are planned
Development of AlternativesAnti-nuclear movement members including eminent scientists suggested that nuclear energy was dangerous especially as the Bashkir NPP was to be built on geologically unstable soil. Besides, the region is not energy deficient and have development options other than nuclear power production such as the river port or industrial park projects.

Supporters of nuclear energy considered it cheap and necessary to overcome the regions energy deficit and provide inhabitants of Agidel with long-awaited jobs.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Although stopped for 30 years, the plan to complete building of the Bashkir NPP had been reactivated by the Russian federal program for development of the nuclear energy. It is not certain if the NPP will be built.
Sources and Materials

Башкирская АЭС
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Tatar-Bashkir Report: March 15, 2004
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Tatar-Bashkir Report: June 1, 2004
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Anti-nuclear movement in Russia
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Проблемы Агидели: что ждет башкирский город без АЭС
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Rosenergoatom Concern and the Government of the Republic of Bashkortostan have signed an Agreement on cooperation
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Bashkir NPP construction site will open its doors for "Stalkers" from all over Russia
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Bashkir Nuclear Powerplant
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Who needs a nuclear power plant in Bashkortostan?
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Media Links

Башкирская атомная станция (АЭС), г.Агидель
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Башкирская АЭС (АЭС Агидель, АЭС в Башкирии)
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Недостроенная Башкирская АЭС
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Other Documents

Entrance to unfinished Bashkir NPP in the town of Agidel The concrete and steelworks of unfinished Bashkir NPP has been accumulating damage due to non-use
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Protest against construction of the Bashkir NPP Scene from the protest of Russian anti-nuclear movement in 1980s against construction of the NPP in Agidel
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Other CommentsSimultaneously with the termination of the construction of the nuclear power plant in Agidel, construction of the NPPs in the Kamsky Glades (Tatarstan), Teplodar (near Odessa), Shelkino (Crimea) and Chisty Borach (Kostroma Oblast) and Rostov were cancelled. In almost all cases, the construction sites were recognized as geologically unstable. At the same time at the insistence of environmentalists, already operating nuclear power plants in Obninsk (in the north of the Kaluga region), Seversk (near Tomsk), Visaginas (Lithuania), Slavutych (near Kiev) and Aktau (in the southwest of Kazakhstan) were stopped. The federal program for development of the nuclear energy, however, contains plans to complete building of as many as possible of named NPPs.
Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Centro de Investigaciones en Geografía Ambiental (CIGA) - Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), vankajo(at)
Last update27/11/2017