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Bauxite mining in Juruti, Para, Brazil


The urban population, settlers and riverains of the municipality of Juruti are suffering the social and environmental impacts arising from the installation of a bauxite mining by Omnia Minrios Ltda (Alcoa Alumnio S/A) in the region.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Bauxite mining in Juruti, Para, Brazil
State or province:Para
Location of conflict:Juruti
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific commodities:Aluminum/Bauxite
Project Details and Actors
Project details

It is estimated that in the area of the project will extract approximately 280 million tons of bauxite.

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Project area:50000
Level of Investment for the conflictive project350000000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2005
Company names or state enterprises:Omnia Minerios Ltda from Brazil
Alcoa from United States of America
Relevant government actors:Ministerio Publico Estadual - MPE, Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria - INCRA, Ministerio Publico Federal - MPF
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Associacao das Comunidades da Regiao de Juruti Velho - Acorjuve, Associacao Comunitaria da Gleba Curumucuri
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Infectious diseases
Potential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The mine is still in operation and the social and environmental impacts of the project have not been mitigated.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

WANDERLEY, Luiz Jardim de Moraes. Conflitos e impactos ambientais na exploracao dos recursos minerais na Amazonia -

(o artigo integra Dissertacao de Mestrado -UFRJ/2008).

[click to view]

Comunidade bloqueia acesso a Alcoa e MPF/PA pede presenca do governo para discutir reivindicacoes (04/02/2009).
[click to view]

GASPAR, Renata. Ministerio Publico pede suspensao de atividades da Alcoa no Para. 04/05/2007. Disponvel em Link: Publico pede suspensao de atividades da Alcoa no Para/10564
[click to view]

(com fotos).

ALMEIDA, Rogrio. Mineracao em Juruti: pressao de camponeses forca negociacao entre a Alcoa, impactados e o Estado (10/02/2009).
[click to view]

Audiencia publica: populacao denuncia contaminacao das aguas pela Alcoa (nota postada em 26/07/2007, mas redigida em 03/05/2007).
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Diogo Rocha
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:211
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