Bauxite Mining in Paderu, Visakhapatnam, India


AnRak Aluminium, a company of the government of Ras al-Khaimah of the United Arab Emirates and Penna Cement of AP has secured approval for both an aluminium complex and a bauxite mines in the Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh, but the final forest clearance for the mines is awaited. The AnRak project has replicated the Vedanta model of first building the refinery and then setting up the mine. The mine is to be operated by the state government to circumvent the ban on non-tribal landownership.

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Basic Data
NameBauxite Mining in Paderu, Visakhapatnam, India
ProvinceAndhra Pradesh
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Mineral ore exploration
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAndhra Pradesh reserves have been estimated to 1000 million tonnes, out of which 570 million tonnes are at Visakhapatnam and East Godavari districts in 25 pockets covering an area of about 4775 ha. Prominently these deposits are divided into two groups viz. Araku and Chintapalli. All these areas fall in the reserve forest and notified scheduled tribal area. The Government of Andhra Pradesh (GoAP) has reserved these deposits for exclusive exploitation in public sector vide G.O.Ms.No. 999, Industries and commerce (Mines-I) Department, dt. 25.10.1975.

Accordingly, the Corporation has filed mining lease applications for all these bauxite areas. AAL hopes to mine first the blocks in the Jerrela mountains, close to Chintapalli in Visakhapatnam district and about 90 km from the AAL site, containing a total of 246 million tonnes of bauxite. The original environmental application for AAL was for a 1.5 MTPA (million tonnes per annum) refinery, a 0.25 MTPA smelter, and a 90 MW power plant at Makavarapalem in Visakhapatnam district of AP at a cost of Rs 7,000 crore on 1,380 acres of land. AAL now reports that it has 1,926 acres of land available (AnRak Aluminium Ltd 2012b) where significant construction work is currently underway.

After the environmental clearances were secured, production estimates were increased to 3.85 MTPA (Ministry of Environment and Forests 2009). At this rate of mining, Block III will last for 17 years while the total ore deposits of 224.60 million tonnes will be sufficient for about 60 years of AAL’s operations. The sole approval remaining for Jerrela is the forest clearance from MOEF.

Project Area (in hectares)1932
Level of Investment (in USD)484731067
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date19/12/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesJindal South West Holding Ltd from India
Industries & Commerce and Govt. of RAS Al Khaimah
Anrak Aluminium Ltd from India
Relevant government actorsAndhra Pradesh Mineral Development Corporation, Government of Andhra Pradesh
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPolitical Parties, Telugu Desam Party, Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India-Marxist and some peoples groups
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Bauxite mining in this region would displace the tribals, affect their livelihood and harm the environment
Sources and Materials

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Andhra Pradesh Mineral Development Corporation Limited

New Projects MOU

Alienation of Land Transfer Regulation Act


Economic and Political Weekly,

AnRak Aluminium, Another Vedanta in the Making? (attached)


Shutdown in Visakhapatnam to protest bauxite mining
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Special powers to be used to cancel Bauxite lease in Andhra Pradesh
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Cancel bauxite mining leases in Vizag: House panel
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Media Links

Tribal Women Bash Up TDP MLA In
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Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014