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Bauxite Mining in Paderu, Visakhapatnam, India


AnRak Aluminium, a company of the government of Ras al-Khaimah of the United Arab Emirates and Penna Cement of AP has secured approval for both an aluminium complex and a bauxite mines in the Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh, but the final forest clearance for the mines is awaited. The AnRak project has replicated the Vedanta model of first building the refinery and then setting up the mine. The mine is to be operated by the state government to circumvent the ban on non-tribal landownership.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Bauxite Mining in Paderu, Visakhapatnam, India
State or province:Andhra Pradesh
Location of conflict:Paderu
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Mineral ore exploration
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Aluminum/Bauxite
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Andhra Pradesh reserves have been estimated to 1000 million tonnes, out of which 570 million tonnes are at Visakhapatnam and East Godavari districts in 25 pockets covering an area of about 4775 ha. Prominently these deposits are divided into two groups viz. Araku and Chintapalli. All these areas fall in the reserve forest and notified scheduled tribal area. The Government of Andhra Pradesh (GoAP) has reserved these deposits for exclusive exploitation in public sector vide G.O.Ms.No. 999, Industries and commerce (Mines-I) Department, dt. 25.10.1975.

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Project area:1932
Level of Investment for the conflictive project484731067
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:19/12/2012
Company names or state enterprises:Jindal South West Holding Ltd from India
Industries & Commerce and Govt. of RAS Al Khaimah
Anrak Aluminium Ltd from India
Relevant government actors:Andhra Pradesh Mineral Development Corporation, Government of Andhra Pradesh
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Political Parties, Telugu Desam Party, Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India-Marxist and some peoples groups
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Bauxite mining in this region would displace the tribals, affect their livelihood and harm the environment
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Andhra Pradesh Mineral Development Corporation Limited

Alienation of Land Transfer Regulation Act

[click to view]

New Projects MOU

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Economic and Political Weekly,

AnRak Aluminium, Another Vedanta in the Making? (attached)

Special powers to be used to cancel Bauxite lease in Andhra Pradesh
[click to view]

Shutdown in Visakhapatnam to protest bauxite mining
[click to view]

Cancel bauxite mining leases in Vizag: House panel
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Tribal Women Bash Up TDP MLA In
[click to view]

[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:924
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