Begendik Thermal Power Plant, Turkey


A thermal power plant has been proposed in a forest area of 50 ha closed to Begendik Town. Within the scope of the current legislation, the absence of legal barriers and use restrictions around the project area was instrumental in the choice for the thermal power plants location. The plant will generate 9 billion kW electricity annually. It is planned to join the generated electricity to the 380 kilovolt Hamitabat Habibler line via a 25 km line. The coal will be transported via 150.000 ton capacity ships. In the coastal zone of the power plant, a port or jetty suitable for ships of this size will be constructed. The thermal plant will harm the biodiversity through forest destruction and regional fishing activities through the port. Furthermore the sea water will get warmer as the cooling water for the plant will be taken from the sea. Toxic gases coming out of the 150m chimney will lead to acid rain as well as respiratory diseases.

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Basic Data
NameBegendik Thermal Power Plant, Turkey
SiteDemirkoy, Igneada, Begendik Town
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Thermal power plants
Coal extraction and processing
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe project consists of the following phases and five separate EIA reports are required in this framework.

Construction of the thermal plant Construction of the port Waste storage Transportation Running/Operation In each of the power plant unit, 191 tons of coal will be used per hour (382 tons/hr in two units) totalling 2 million 870 thousand tons of coal per year. The coal will be transported via 150.000 ton capacity ships. In the coastal zone of the power plant, a port or jetty suitable for ships of this size will be constructed. Coal to be burnt within 45 days will be stored in a 100.000 m2 area. The coal will be taken to a mill to be broken down then taken to the boiler. In order to filter the flue gases, limestone will be transported to the plant from quarries. In general, 12 tons of limestone/hour is used which is equivalent to 90.000 tons of limestone to be transported and burnt during 7500 hours of operation. Limestone waste slag, which is a by-product of flue gases filtration, will be sent to plasterboard factories. While in operation, the plant will produce 46 tons of ash per hour and 344.000 tons annually. The ash will be kept in 4 silos of 1200 m3 and then will be transferred to cement industry; otherwise the waste will be regularly stored in the plant grounds. The storage area is 120.000 m2 with a lifespan of 20 years. For cooling water, 194.000 tons of sea water will be extracted per hour. With the other water requirements this amount will be close to 200.000 tons.

Once used, the cooling water will be held in stilling basins and then released back to the sea. Ideally the temperature of this water will not be 2 degrees higher than the original. In addition to the cooling water, 640 tons of sea water/day will be desalinised and used to run the system during the plants running. 230 tons of this will be released back to the sea in a salt concentrated manner. It is intended that 2000 people work for the construction and 550 during the operation. The domestic waste water of the 2000 people will be treated through a package system then discharged to the sea.

Domestic waste will be disposed by Igneada or Demirkoy Municipality. During the construction, solid waste is foreseen at 2.300kg/day and 630kg/day during the plants operation (waste generated by 550 workers). Furthermore, during the construction 300kg of waste mud will be generated per day from the treated wastewater.

Industrial waste oils will be stored in sealed waste oil tanks. The drinking water need at the construction phase will be 300 tons daily and 83 tons/day while the plant runs.

Project Area (in hectares)50
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population10 million (since fumes will reach Istanbul)
Start Date10/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesEMBA from Turkey
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Energy, Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation, Igneada Municipality
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersLocal Initiative, Igneada Municipality, citizens, Igneada Environmental Association, DAYKO Foundation
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents
OtherPoisoning of Water and Land
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherDifficulties in access to water
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseProject cancelled
Project stopped
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The project was stopped for the time being.
Sources and Materials

EIA Regulation,

National energy policy and environmental protection policy


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Trakyada evre felaketinin yeni adresi: Beendik Termik Santrali (The new address environmental disasters in Thrace: Begendik Thermal Power Plant Turkish)
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Todays Zaman (English)
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Meta Information
ContributorOkan Can
Last update08/04/2014