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Begendik Thermal Power Plant, Turkey


A thermal power plant has been proposed in a forest area of 50 ha closed to Begendik Town. Within the scope of the current legislation, the absence of legal barriers and use restrictions around the project area was instrumental in the choice for the thermal power plants location. The plant will generate 9 billion kW electricity annually. It is planned to join the generated electricity to the 380 kilovolt Hamitabat Habibler line via a 25 km line. The coal will be transported via 150.000 ton capacity ships. In the coastal zone of the power plant, a port or jetty suitable for ships of this size will be constructed. The thermal plant will harm the biodiversity through forest destruction and regional fishing activities through the port. Furthermore the sea water will get warmer as the cooling water for the plant will be taken from the sea. Toxic gases coming out of the 150m chimney will lead to acid rain as well as respiratory diseases.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Begendik Thermal Power Plant, Turkey
State or province:Kirklareli
(municipality or city/town)Demirkoy, Igneada, Begendik Town
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Coal extraction and processing
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The project consists of the following phases and five separate EIA reports are required in this framework.

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Project area:50
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:10 million (since fumes will reach Istanbul)
Start of the conflict:10/2012
Company names or state enterprises:EMBA from Turkey
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation, Igneada Municipality
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Local Initiative, Igneada Municipality, citizens, Igneada Environmental Association, DAYKO Foundation
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
translation missing: en.m.mobilizing_groups.fisher_people
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents
Other Health impactsPoisoning of Water and Land
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Loss of landscape/sense of place
Other socio-economic impactsDifficulties in access to water
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Project cancelled
Project stopped
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:The project was stopped for the time being.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

EIA Regulation,

National energy policy and environmental protection policy

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Trakyada evre felaketinin yeni adresi: Beendik Termik Santrali (The new address environmental disasters in Thrace: Begendik Thermal Power Plant Turkish)
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Todays Zaman (English)
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Meta information
Contributor:Okan Can
Last update08/04/2014