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Nuclear power plant at Astravyets, Belarus

The Belarusian Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) has been built in Astrovets, not far from Vilnius in Lithuania. The 2,400MW NPP will be the first of its kind in Belarus.


The Belarusian nuclear power plant  at Astravetsis a multi-reactor nuclear power plant project in Belarus. Initial plans were announced in the 1980s, but were suspended after the 1986 Chernobyl disaster. The drive for the current project was fueled by the Russia-Belarus energy dispute in 2007.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Nuclear power plant at Astravyets, Belarus
State or province: Astravyets District, Grodno Region
Location of conflict:Astravyets District, Grodno Region, Belarus
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Nuclear power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Russian Atomstroyexport is the contractor to build the nuclear power plant. Atomstroyexport has also supplied the III generation VVER-1200 type reactors (AES-2006 model). The first reactor is scheduled for commissioning in December 2019, with the second one to go online in July 2020. The first two reactors will have the combined capacity of around 2400 MW. It is possible that two additional reactors will be built by 2025.

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Project area:449
Level of Investment:11,000,000,000
Type of populationUrban
Start of the conflict:20/12/2008
Company names or state enterprises:Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation (Rosatom) from Russian Federation
Atomstroyexport from Russian Federation
Relevant government actors:General Designer: Nizhniy Novgorod AtomEnergoProject – NIAEP
Manufacturer of the reactor and steam generators: Atommash (Volgodonsk).
Scientific adviser Kurchatov Institute (Moscow)
Turbine Manufacturer - Power Machines
Belarusian production organizations act as sub-suppliers.
International and Finance InstitutionsConvention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:-International Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA.
- Diverse public figures in Lithuania [1].
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Informal workers
International ejos
Local ejos
Religious groups
Lithuanian government,citizens and environmentalists. Appeal to ESPOO Convention.
Forms of mobilization:Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Boycotts of companies-products
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Other Environmental impacts
Other Environmental impactsRisk of nuclear contamination
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Accidents, Deaths, Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Other socio-economic impacts, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Other socio-economic impactsRisk of nuclear contamination
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Strengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The protests were ignored, construction began despite protests from Lithuanian Government
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

BelarusShort Country Report /AUTHOR Andrei Stsiapanau
[click to view]

Belarusian Nuclear Power Plant Project: Timeline
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Belarusian Nuclear Power Plant Project official web-page
[click to view]

Start of operation of the first unit of the Belarusian NPP
[click to view]

Belarusian nuclear power plant overview
[click to view]

Belarus Proceeding With Russian-Built Nuclear Plant Despite Accidents, Quake Worries, And Neighbors' Objections
[click to view]

General Designer: Nizhniy Novgorod AtomEnergoProject
[click to view]

Nuclear Power in Belarus
[click to view]

First concrete for second Belarus unit
[click to view]

Belarusian Nuclear Power Plant, Ostrovets
[click to view]

Lithuania not in talks with Belarus on electricity from N-plan

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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network


[1] The Baltic Times. Public figures in Lithuania call for opposing Astravyets NPP in Belarus. 2020-01-15
[click to view]

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Last update07/02/2021
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