Last update:
2019-03-22

Bellavista - Miramar (Costa Rica)

Description:

En la provincia de Puntarenas en las afueras de la ciudad de Miramar, se ubica la mina de oro a cielo abierto Bellavista. El Proyecto era de propiedad de la empresa canadiense Wheaton River Minerals (WRM). Esta empresa adquirio la mina en 1997 y recibio el permiso ambiental definitivo a comienzos de 2001 a pesar de la falta de experiencia en mineria tropical.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Bellavista - Miramar (Costa Rica)
Country:Costa Rica
State or province:Puntarenas
Location of conflict:Miramar
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Specific commodities:Gold
Silver
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Mina a cielo abierto 350 empleos Reapertura despues de 2007 4.5 millones de toneladas de mena de roca 10.5 millones de toneladas de mena consumo de agua 50 tl/seg.

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Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:2002
Company names or state enterprises:Glencair Gold Corporation from Canada
Metales Procesados MRW S.A.
B2 GOLD Corp from Canada
Relevant government actors:Direccion de Geologia y Minas, Secretaria Tecnica Nacional Ambiental, Tribunal Ambiental Administrativo, Ministerio de Ambiente, Energia y Telecomunicaciones, Ministerio de Salud
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Federacion Ecologista y de Conservacion de la Naturaleza (Fecon), Comunidades Ecologistas Usuarias del Golfo de Nicoya, Asociacion Interamericana para la Defensa del Ambiente, Comite Ambiental de Miramar
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Other Environmental impactsThe mine collapsed
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Colapso del yacimiento
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:Luego del deslizamiento que destruyo las instalaciones del proyecto (2007), se ha declarado como no viable su reapertura (2012), sin embargo no hay muestras de que la empresa realice un plan de cierre del mismo
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

resolucion 0126?2012 Setena, para no continuar con el proceso de

Decreto Ejecutivo No 35982-MINAET, Moratoria en Mineria (reforma del

evaluacion ambiental y denegar la viabilidad al proyecto Bellavista.

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Kioscos Ambientales Universidad de Costa Rica

No a la Mina - enero de 2012

Union Norte por la Vida

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Periodico septiembre de 2007
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Web AIDA

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dKYUrIZe0qw
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Meta information
Contributor:Patricio Chavez
Last update18/08/2019
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Comments
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