Last update:
2023-01-23

Bengkulu Coal-fired Power Plant, Indonesia

The Bengkulu coal-fired power plant has caused multiple negative effects on the local environment and population, which has led to opposition by residents and environmental organizations since before construction began in 2016.



Description:

The Bengkulu Power Plant is a 200 megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant situated on Baai Island in Teluk Sepang, a subdistrict of Bengkulu City, Bengkulu Province, Indonesia. The power plant was first proposed in a long-term electricity supply plan by the Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN), the Indonesian state-controlled electricity distribution company, and the project to construct and operate the plant was awarded to the Power Construction Corporation of China (PowerChina) in 2015 [1]. An agreement between PowerChina and local Indonesian partners was signed on November 25th, 2015 [2]. This agreement established the PT Tenaga Listrik Bengkulu (TLB), the primary entity overseeing the construction and subsequent operation of the plant. It is a joint venture between PowerChina Resources (PCR), a subsidiary of PowerChina, and the Indonesian heavy equipment distributor PT Intraco Penta (INTA) [3]. PCR attained a 70% stake in the venture, while INTA holds the remaining 30% [4]. PCR also created their own subsidiary, Bengkulu Power (Hong Kong) Co., to further oversee maintenance and management of the site [5]. 

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:Bengkulu Coal-fired Power Plant, Indonesia
Country:Indonesia
State or province:Bengkulu Province
Location of conflict:Baai Island, Teluk Sepang, Bengkulu City
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Land
Electricity
Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The power plant has an overall capacity of 200MW divided over two 100MW units. It uses a 150 kV transmission line to deliver an electricity supply of 1.4 billion kWh/year. It is scheduled to be in operation for 7,008 hours per year, using approximately 900,000-1 million tons of coal per year in the process [7]. By September 1st, 2020, it had reportedly generated over 300 million kWh already [17].

Project area:50
Level of Investment for the conflictive project360,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:Approximately 28,000 [21]
Start of the conflict:24/08/2016
Company names or state enterprises:PT Tenaga Listrik Bengkulu (TLB) from Indonesia - The company is directly responsible for the construction, management, and operation of the plant
PT Intraco Penta (INTA) from Indonesia - The company is a minority stakeholder in TLB, the joint venture that oversees the project
PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) from Indonesia - The company first proposed the power plant project. The plant is obliged to deliver electricity to the PLN for a time period of 25 years, starting in 2020
Power Construction Corporation of China (PowerChina) from China - The company was awarded the contract to construct and operate the plant
PowerChina Resources (PCR) from China - This subsidiary of PowerChina struck a deal with INTA to form TLB
Bengkulu Power (Hong Kong) Co. from China - The company was specifically created to oversee the maintenance and operation of the plant
Relevant government actors:Government of Bengkulu Province
Government of Indonesia (both generally, and more specifically the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources)
Bengkulu State Administrative Court
Bengkulu Environmental and Forestry Agency
Bengkulu Natural Resources Conservation Center
Bengkulu Province Office of the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BKMG)
National Ombudsman of Indonesia
International and Finance InstitutionsIndustrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) from China
The Export-Import Bank of China (China Exim Bank) from China
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Kanopi Hijau Indonesia (Green Canopy Indonesia) - https://kanopihijauindonesia.or.id/
Indonesian Forum for the Environment (WALHI) - https://www.walhi.or.id/
Association of People’s Emancipation and Ecological Action (AEER) - http://aeer.info/en/
Bersihkan Indonesia (Clean Indonesia) - https://www.bersihkanindonesia.org/
Koalisi Langit Biru (Blue Sky Coalition)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases, Malnutrition, Deaths
Other Health impactsPotential respiratory and carcinogenic diseases, as well as developmental disorders
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (undecided)
Regional governor holding up an operation permit
Proposal and development of alternatives:Before construction on the plant had begun, WAHLI proposed an alternative way of generating electricity by utilizing other less-polluting natural resources like hydroelectric power [11].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Several actions in opposition to the power plant have been undertaken and are still underway. It remains to be seen how these play out. However, the plant has already been fully constructed at this point and socio-environmental damage has already been inflicted.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Law No. 32/2009 on Environmental Protection and Management - Law imposing environmental regulations, including the need for an environmental impact assessment/analysis (Amdal)
[click to view]

Law No. 28/2002 concerning Buildings - Law imposing building regulations, including the need for a building permit (IMB)
[click to view]

PP36/2005 concerning the Implementation Regulation of Law No. 28/2002 concerning Buildings - Implementation of Law No. 28/2002 mentioned above
[click to view]

Regional Spatial Planning (RTRW) Bengkulu Province No. 2/2012 - Provincial zoning regulations for Bengkulu Province
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[6] PT Intraco Penta. (2016). Living the CINTA values.
[click to view]

[1] Global Energy Monitor Wiki (n.d.). Bengkulu power station. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[2] PowerChina (2017). PowerChina realizes financial close for Bengkulu project. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[3] The Jakarta Post (2019). Bengkulu woos investors with 200 MW coal-fired power plant. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[4] Mongabay (2019). Lawsuit against Indonesian coal plant reveals permit irregularities. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[5] PowerChina Resources Ltd (n.d.). Branches & Subsidiaries. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[7] State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (2019). First Thermal Power Plant in Bengkulu Starts Service. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[8] Antara News Bengkulu (2018). Petani Teluk Sepang persoalkan proyek PLTU batu bara. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[9] The Jakarta Post (2020). Residents reject Bengkulu power plant after turtles die. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[10] Nusa Daily (2019). One month, Five Sea Turtles Die Near the Sepang Bay Power Plant in Bengkulu. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[11] TEMPO.CO (2016). Walhi Opposed to Bengkulu Coal-fired Thermal Power Plant. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[12] Kompas.com (2016) PLTU di Bengkulu Diklaim Gunakan Teknologi Baru Ramah Lingkungan. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[13] Pedoman Bengkulu (2018). Warga Demo Tuntut Proyek PLTU Batubara Ditutup. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[14] CNN Indonesia (2020). Warga Betangkan Spanduk Protes PLTU Saat Jokowi ke Bengkulu. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[15] Bengkulu Interaktif (2020). Tanpa SLO, Gubernur Rohidin Pastikan Tidak Keluarkan Izin Operasi PLTU Teluk Sepang. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[16] PowerChina Resources Ltd (2020). Bengkulu Coal-fired Power Plant generate more than 300 million KWH in 2020. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[17] R. Malinda, “The legal battle of a town in Indonesia against coal-fired power plant,” Climate Tracker, Oct. 14, 2021. https://climatetracker.org/legal-battle-coal-power-plant-indonesia/ (accessed Apr. 29, 2022).
[click to view]

[18] Antara News Bengkulu (2020). Koalisi Langit Biru ajukan kasasi kasus PLTU Bengkulu. Accessed 28th September, 2020.
[click to view]

[19] H. M. Sipayung, “Warga Bengkulu ajukan PK gugat izin lingkungan PLTU,” ANTARA News, Sep. 21, 2021. https://www.antaranews.com/berita/2405117/warga-bengkulu-ajukan-pk-gugat-izin-lingkungan-pltu (accessed Apr. 29, 2022).
[click to view]

[20] R. A. Wicaksono, “Warga Gugat Izin Lingkungan PLTU Teluk Sepang Hingga ke MA,” Betahita, Sep. 22, 2021. https://betahita.id/news/detail/6579/warga-gugat-izin-lingkungan-pltu-teluk-sepang-hingga-ke-ma.html?v=1632447410 (accessed Apr. 29, 2022).
[click to view]

[21] “SUTT PLTU Bengkulu Alirkan Listrik Hingga Atap Rumah Menyala,” Infonegeri, Aug. 10, 2021. https://infonegeri.id/2021/08/10/sutt-pltu-bengkulu-alirkan-listrik-hingga-atap-rumah-menyala/ (accessed Apr. 29, 2022).
[click to view]

[22] Wikipedia (n.d.). Kampung Melayu, Bengkulu. Accessed October 6th, 2020
[click to view]

[23] [1] Bengkulu coal-fired power plant generates over 200m kWh, China Dly. (2020). http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/m/powerchina/2020-07/31/content_37538652.htm (accessed January 23, 2023).
[click to view]

[24] 13 Perusahaan di Bengkulu Proper Merah, Ada Injatama dan PLTU Pulau Baai, Bengkuluinteraktif. (2023). https://www.bengkuluinteraktif.com/13-perusahaan-di-bengkulu-proper-merah-ada-injatama-dan-pltu-pulau-baai (accessed January 23, 2023).
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

"Tower pindah lagi, ADENDUM gak ya?", Kanopi Bertutur (Youtube podcast channel of Kanopi Hijau Indonesia), 4 January 2022
[click to view]

"Dampak SUTT dan fenomena Atap menyala (Jilid 1) part II", Kanopi Bertutur (Youtube podcast channel of Kanopi Hijau Indonesia), 17 August 2021
[click to view]

"dampak SUTT Dan Fenomena Atap Menyala (jilid I) part I", Kanopi Bertutur (Youtube podcast channel of Kanopi Hijau Indonesia), 10 August 2021
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:AK
Last update23/01/2023
Conflict ID:5248
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.