Beni Oukil Gravel Quarries, Morocco

Since 2014 the villagers of Beni Oukil have been fighting against a quarry on the nearby Jbel Dchira. They have been often faced with violent answers from the local police and several arrests.


Description

Ever since the gravel and sand quarry emerged on the mountainside (2014), a few hundred meters away from their homes and agricultural lands, the inhabitants on Beni Oukil, at the foothill of Jbel Dchira, have been in the midst of an ecological struggle [1].

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Basic Data
NameBeni Oukil Gravel Quarries, Morocco
CountryMorocco
ProvinceNador
SiteBeni Oukil
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Building materials extraction (quarries, sand, gravel)
Specific CommoditiesSand, gravel
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsA 20 ha gravel and sand quarry close to the village of Beni Oukil. Managed by Société Gypse Nord on privately owned land. It is listed by the ministry of equipment and transport as temporary (Although in service since 2014) and one of the few quarries on the list without a declared yearly extraction volume.
Project Area (in hectares)20
Level of Investment (in USD)Unkown
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected PopulationUnknown
Start Date2014
Company Names or State EnterprisesSociété Gypse Nord from Morocco
Relevant government actorsConseil Économique Social er Environnemental (CESE)

Ministère de l'Équipement et du Tranport

Ministère de l'Energie, des Mines, de l'Eau et de l'Environnement
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersATTAC Maroc: http://attacmaroc.org/fr/

Association Maroccaine des droits humains: https://www.facebook.com/pg/AMDH.org.ma/about/?ref=page_internal
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil erosion
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Increase in violence and crime
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Criminalization of activists
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Development of AlternativesAs far as the villagers are concerned, they want the quarry to stop all its activities and that the site is rehabilitated.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The quarry has not stopped any of its activities and the inhabitants of Beni Oukil are still fighting to stop it.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

[5] - Loi n° 12-03 relative aux études d'impact sur l'environnement
[click to view]

[4] - Dahir 9 joumada II 1332 (5 Mai 1914) réglementant l'exploitation des carrières (B.O. 19 juin 1914)
[click to view]

Links

[2] - ORIENTAL : LES RIVERAINS DÉCLARENT LA GUERRE AUX CARRIÈRES !
[click to view]

[1] - A Beni Oukil, le combat des villageois contre une carrière de gravier
[click to view]

[3] - EXPLOITATION DES CARRIÈRES DANS L'ORIENTAL : COLÈRE, POUSSIÈRE ET DYNAMITE
[click to view]

[6] - Des militants écologistes dénoncent "le pillage du sable à des fins immobilières" dans l'Est du Maroc
[click to view]

Media Links

[9] - The Free Akkad Public Campaign
[click to view]

Sit-in against the quarry in Isly
[click to view]

[8] - Communiqué from ATTAC 2
[click to view]

[7] - Communiqué from ATTAC 1
[click to view]

Interview with Salaheddine Lemaizi from ATTAC Maroc
[click to view]

Other Documents

Quarries List in Morocco
[click to view]

Mohammed Akkad Source: Attac
[click to view]

Imider/ Beni Oukil Source: Attac. Stop au harcèlement des militants écologistes au Maroc.
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorChristophe Maroun - ICTA
Last update08/05/2017
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