The violent death of Betty Cariño, Oaxaca, Mexico

When she was killed, Betty Cariño was 37 years old, with a long trajectory of struggle for women's freedom, for environmental and human rights, and for self-determination of indigenous peoples.


Description

"Diminutas, consternadas, fuertes, ataviadas con sus huipiles rojinegros, las mujeres triquis cargaron por tramos el ataúd café ... hasta su última morada en el camposanto de su natal Chila de las Flores, Puebla". [3].  Bety Cariño Trujillo, activista de derechos humanos y ambientalista, era la directora de CACTUS (Centro de Apoyo Comunitario Trabajando Unidos) una organización comunitaria en OaxacaMéxico. El 27 de abril de 2010 fue asesinada cuando los paramilitares emboscaron a una caravana en su camino a la comunidad indígena autónoma de San Juan Copala, un lugar de unos 700 habitantes. La caravana, incluidos observadores de derechos humanos locales e internacionales, estuvo entregando alimentos a la comunidad que estaba bajo un bloqueo de los paramilitares aliados con el gobierno del estado. En el ataque murió también Jyri Jaakkola, un activista de derechos humanos de Finlandia, y más de diez personas resultaron heridas.

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Basic Data
NameThe violent death of Betty Cariño, Oaxaca, Mexico
CountryMexico
ProvinceOaxaca
SiteSan Juan Copala
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Water access rights and entitlements
Mineral ore exploration
Specific CommoditiesMinerals
Land
Water
Fruits and Vegetables
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsBety Cariño luchó contra varios proyectos de destrucción ambiental, represas y minería, y a la vez por los derechos indígenas a la tierra y a la auto-determinación.
Type of PopulationRural
Relevant government actorsGobernador de Oaxaca, Ulises Ruiz
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCACTUS

REMA
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Religious groups
Triqui indigenous group
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Mine tailing spills
OtherBety Cariño took part in several conflicts, on land grabbing, mining, dams.
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Criminalization of activists
Deaths
Court decision (undecided)
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Many years after the crime, there has been not justice for Betty Cariño. And destructive projects continue in the regions in Mexico, Oaxaca, Puebla, where she worked.
Sources and Materials
Links

[1] Igabe Noticias. Triquis desplazados de San Juan Copala realizaran homenaje a Bety Cariño, abril 30, 2016
[click to view]

[3] Luis Hernández Navarro, La Jornada, La siembra de Betty Cariño
[click to view]

[2] Resistencia antiminera en El Salvador y Latinoamérica: "Podemos vivir sin oro, pero no sin agua"
[click to view]

Preparan demanda en Finlandia contra Ulises Ruiz. Acusan al ex gobernador de Oaxaca por presuntos nexos con el asesinato en 2010 de dos defensores de derechos humanos, uno finlandés.
[click to view]

Media Links

Human rights defenders Bety Cariño Trujillo from Oaxaca, Mexico was killed in a paramilitary attack on 27th April 2010, as she took part in non-violent action in defense of the human rights of others.
[click to view]

Bety Cariño, tejedora de esperanza
[click to view]

Other Documents

[click to view]

En memoria de Betty Cariño
[click to view]

[click to view]

Other CommentsThis case does not relate to a single project. Bety Cariño was involved in many stuggles against land grabbing, mines and dams, for indigenous rights, for women's rights - she was a national leader working mainly in Oaxaca and Puebla.
Meta Information
ContributorJMA
Last update27/01/2017
Comments