Bordeaux–Toulouse High Speed Rail

Further high speed railway plans and further ZAD contesting reckless development plans


The LGV Bordeaux–Toulouse is an approximately 200 km long French high-speed rail project reserved for passenger traffic between Bordeaux and Toulouse in the south-west of France. Its dual aim is: • To ensure high-speed service of the Toulouse region through an extension of the LGV Sud Europe Atlantique and reduce the journey time between Paris and Toulouse to slightly over 3 hours. To complete that service though, the high speed connection between Tours and Bordeaux has to be completed as well.

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Basic Data
NameBordeaux–Toulouse High Speed Rail
ProvinceAquitaine, Midi-Pyrénées
SiteBordeaux, Toulouse, Agen, Montauban and other towns
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific CommoditiesTourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project Details60 minutes: journey time between Bordeaux and Toulouse

3h: journey time between Bordeaux and Paris

200 km: length of the line

320 km / h: Maximum speed

Access to Agen (by the current station or another station)

Montauban service with a new interconnection station with the existing line,

possibility of circulating regional trains to high speed, if the relevance and feasibility of such services is demonstrated and desired.
Project Area (in hectares)4,800
Level of Investment (in USD)3,238,950,000 - 10,796,500,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population800,000
Start Date25/05/2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesVinci Group (Vinci) from France
Société nationale des chemins de fer français; "National society of French railways" or "French National Railway Company" (SNCF) from France
Réseau ferré de France (RFF) from France
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Transport

The Aquitaine and Midi-Pyrenees regions
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAlternative LGV: association of local councillors against high speed rail

Très Grande Vigilance du Brulhois et de l'Agenais.

Très Grande Vigilance Albret
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Food insecurity (crop damage)
OtherCreation of multiple quarries to provide construction materials.
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherPotential negative effects on local journeys
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseApplication of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesUpgrade the existing lines instead of building a new one expensive and exclusive.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The project constitutes an example of harmful development.
Sources and Materials

Décret no 92-355 du 1er avril 1992 approuvant le schéma directeur national des liaisons ferroviaires à grande vitesse
[click to view]


Report. Analyse comparative des options de modernisation des dessertes ferroviaires sur le tronçon Bordeaux – Toulouse - Première partie -. Alternative LGV, Cabinet d'Etudes RObert Claraco.
[click to view]

Report of the commission of enquiry on the railway project (French)
[click to view]


Tres Grand Vigilance en Albret. Association opposing high speed rail.
[click to view]

Article on The Economist on high speed rail in France
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ZAD Agen.
[click to view]

Journalist report on the ZAD of Agen (French)
[click to view]

Other Documents

High speed railway line Bordeaux - Tolouse Featured map of the railway line
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAlfred Burballa Noria
Last update13/04/2015