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Brandix India Apparel City (BIAC), AP, India


Brandix India Apparel City (BIAC), the Indian arm of Brandix from Sri Lanka, is a 1,000 acre apparel park that is recognized as a Special Economic Zone by the government of India. BIAC was inaugurated in May 2010 and developed on ‘fibre to store' concept.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Brandix India Apparel City (BIAC), AP, India
State or province:Andhra Pradesh
Location of conflict:Pudimadaka Road, Atchutapuram Mandal, Visakhapatnam,
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Shrimps
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Data from the BIAC official website [3]:

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Project area:405
Level of Investment for the conflictive project1,000,000,000 [1]
Type of populationRural
Company names or state enterprises:Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC) from India
Brandix India Apparel City (Pvt) Ltd. (BIAC) from India
Brandix Lanka Limited from Sri Lanka
Relevant government actors:Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board (APPCB)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:AP Fishers and Fisheries Workers' Union, Human Rights Forum (HRF)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Potential: Air pollution, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Other Environmental impacts
Other Environmental impactsexposure to various chemicals during the manufacturing of textiles
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Ongoing conflict
Proposal and development of alternatives:Mobilizers have obtained a written promise from Brandix on providing jobs, taking up welfare activities, and setting up a committee with a time-frame for submitting its report.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Brandix is still continuing to release waste into the ocean and fishermen are still protesting.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

This issue is referenced in an yet to be released documentary Walls and the Tiger.
[click to view]

[1] Times of India, "Apparel City may remain a pipe dream"
[click to view]

[3] BIAC official webpage data
[click to view]

Business Human Rights organization
[click to view]

Times of India covering the issue in 2013
[click to view]

The Hindu coverage of the conflict
[click to view]

Uttarakhand’s Furious Himalayan Flood Could Bury India’s Hydropower Program
[click to view]

Public hearing held amid protests
[click to view]

BIAC official webpage
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[2] Brandix Promotional Video
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:contributed by the team of Walls and the Tiger documentary
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1584
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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