Last update:
2014-04-08

Cananea mine, Mexico

Description:

Es famosa en la historia de Mexico la huelga de la minera Cananea y la masacre de 1906, antes de la Revolución de 1910. En época reciente, Sonora es el principal estado minero de Mexico, con las dos minas mas importantes de produccion de cobre en Cananea y Nacozari, esto ha dado lugar a grandes pasivos ambientales, el rio San Pedro en la Frontera entre Sonora y Arizona esta severamente contaminado con metales pesados que provienen de Cananea.

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:Cananea mine, Mexico
Country:Mexico
State or province:Sonora
(municipality or city/town)Cananea
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Tailings from mines
Water access rights and entitlements
Mineral processing
Specific commodities:Copper

Gold
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

mina a cielo abierto en septiembre de 20011 produjo un total de 32 mil 436 toneladas, la cifra mensual mas alta desde diciembre de 1999, de acuerdo con cifras de INEGI.

See more
Type of populationUrban
Start of the conflict:2007
Company names or state enterprises:Grupo Mexico from Mexico
Southern Peru Copper Corporation (SPPC) from Mexico
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Sindicato Minero Nacional (Local 65), Universidad de Sonora, Secretaria del Trabajo
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Industrial workers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Women
Forms of mobilization:Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Strikes
Threats to use arms
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Waste overflow, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Development of alternatives:Reparations for environmental liabilities, damage to health, strikes by workers. This is a case of working class environmentalism.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:El proyecto continua en operacion pese a la movilizacion de los afectados y la clausura durante tres años a partir de 2007.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

La Jornada, 13.11.2007

Democrata del Norte de Mexico, 10.08.2008

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[click to view]

[click to view]

[click to view]

[click to view]

Other comments:With acknowledgement to Research Group investigating Mining Landscapes in Mexico, Center for Research in Environmental Geography, National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM, Morelia's campus.

[email protected]
Meta information
Contributor:Patricio Chavez & JMA
Last update08/04/2014
Comments