Last update:
2014-04-08

Capulalpam de Mendez contra Natividad, Oaxaca

Description:

La comunidad de Capulalpam de Mendez en el municipio de Ixtlan en la Sierra Norte de Oaxaca (conocida tambien como Sierra de Juarez) en territorio Zapoteca, reclama que ilegalmente fueron entregadas concesiones a la empresa Natividad, una mina que existe desde 1775 y que estuvo paralizada desde 1990 hasta que en 2002 Continnum Resources recibio 50 000 ha. de concesiones.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Capulalpam de Mendez contra Natividad, Oaxaca
Country:Mexico
State or province:Oaxaca
Location of conflict:Ixtlan
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Specific commodities:Gold
Silver
Project Details and Actors
Project details

mina subterranea aproximadamente 1.200 metros de longitud de perforacion.

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Project area:54653
Type of populationUrban
Start of the conflict:2002
Company names or state enterprises:Continuum Resources
Sundance Minerals Ltd. of Vancouver
Relevant government actors:Municipio de Capulalpam de Mendez, Procuraduria Federal de Proteccion al Ambiente, PROFEPA, CONAGUA, Comision Permanente del Congreso de la Union
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Colectivo Oaxaqueño en Defensa de los Territorios, Servicios para una Educacion Alternativa EDUCA A.C., Servicios del Pueblo Mixe SerMixe A.C., Centro de Derechos Indigenas Flor y Canto A.C., Union de Organizaciones de la Sierra Juarez de Oaxaca A.C., Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico UNAM, Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropologia Social CIESAS, Departamento de Geologia, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Strikes
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Potential: Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Apelacion al Congreso de la Union Convenio 169 Declaracion como Pueblo Mágico para el turismo
Development of alternatives:- Manifiesto Capulalpam http://www.capulalpam.mx/no-a-la-minera-natividad/
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:La presion de la protesta social logro que se clausure temporalmente la
mina y por tanto la empresa Sundance de Vancouver, Canada no ha sido capaz de reanudar la
explotacion hasta 2013, ha habido varias apelaciones legales incluyendo
el convenio 169 de la OIT
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Ley General del Equilibrio Ecológico y Protección al Ambiente, LEGEPA, 2005 /

DICTAMEN CON PUNTO DE ACUERDO RELACIONADOCON LAS ACTIVIDADES MINERAS EN LA COMUNIDAD DECAPULALPAM DE MÉNDEZ, OAXACA.
[click to view]

Convenio 169 de la OIT
[click to view]

TERCERA COMISIÓN DE TRABAJO DE HACIENDA Y CRÉDITO PÚBLICO, AGRICULTURA Y FOMENTO,COMUNICACIONES Y OBRAS PÚBLICAS.

Ley inversión extranjera, 2001/ Ley Minera, 2006 / Reglamento de la Ley de Inversión Extranjera, 1998

Convention 169 of the ILO

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[click to view]

Periodico La Jornada, Calpulalpam de Mendez contra la explotacion minera, 5 de mayo de 2001.

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Villa de Capulalpam de Mendez
[click to view]

Blog Sipaz
[click to view]

No a la Mina
[click to view]

Sundance Minerals Ltda.
[click to view]

[click to view]

La vida o la mina
[click to view]

Conflicto Mineros
[click to view]

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Pictures of environmental impacts:
[click to view]

Other comments:With acknowledgement to
Research Group investigating Mining Landscapes in Mexico, Center for Research in Environmental Geography, National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM, Morelia's campus.
[email protected]
Meta information
Contributor:Patricio Chavez & JMA & Paisajes Mineros
Last update08/04/2014
Comments
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