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Cerro Quema, Panama

Este proyecto ha sido sistematicamente rechazado por diversos sectores de la comunidad. El movimiento organizado mas antiguo es el Frente Santeno contra la Mineria.


Este proyecto ha sido sistematicamente rechazado por diversos sectores de la comunidad. El movimiento organizado mas antiguo es el Frente Santeno contra la Mineria. En su comunicado 2/2011, el Frente se define a si mismo como una 'organizacion ambientalista que lucha contra los efectos de la depredacion minera en la Peninsula de Azuero'.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Cerro Quema, Panama
State or province:Los Santos
(municipality or city/town)Tonosi
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Tailings from mines
Water access rights and entitlements
Mineral ore exploration
Specific commodities:Copper

Project Details and Actors
Project details:

volumen anual de 48.000 onzas de oro.

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Project area:5000
Level of Investment:en 2011 se invirtio entre US$ 18 y 20 millones
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:200
Start of the conflict:1997
Company names or state enterprises:Pershimco Resources Inc. from Canada
Compania de Exploracion Mineral (CEMSA) from Panama
Relevant government actors:Gobierno Nacional de Panama
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Frente Santeno
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
translation missing: en.m.mobilizing_groups.fisher_people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Other socio-economic impactsAmenazas de muerte - incendio de casa de dirigente
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Under negotiation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Amenazas de muerte, incendio de la casa de dirigente
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Es un conflicto aun sin resolucion
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Panama: Reforma del Codigo Minero

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Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

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Panamá: Los dueños de Cerro Quema, ganancia sin oro
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Movimientos sociales en América Latina (II): Frente Santeño contra la Minería en Panamá
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SOCIOLOGÍA DE AZUERO...Milcíades Pinzón Rodríguez
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'Cerro Quema un refugio de vida silvestre'
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

'La lucha del Frente Santeño Contra la Minería'
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Cerro Quema and other mining conflicts in Panama. Role of the Pastoral Social.
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Other documents

Cerro Quema, Panama
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Meta information
Contributor:Patricio Chavez revisado JMA
Last update15/03/2016