Cerro Quema, Panama

Este proyecto ha sido sistematicamente rechazado por diversos sectores de la comunidad. El movimiento organizado mas antiguo es el Frente Santeno contra la Mineria.


Este proyecto ha sido sistematicamente rechazado por diversos sectores de la comunidad. El movimiento organizado mas antiguo es el Frente Santeno contra la Mineria. En su comunicado 2/2011, el Frente se define a si mismo como una 'organizacion ambientalista que lucha contra los efectos de la depredacion minera en la Peninsula de Azuero'.

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Basic Data
NameCerro Quema, Panama
ProvinceLos Santos
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project Detailsvolumen anual de 48.000 onzas de oro.

reservas probadas de mineral de 10,5 millones de toneladas, con un contenido promedio de 1,1 onzas de oro reservas probables y probadas de 372.500 onzas de oro.

mina a cielo abierto
Project Area (in hectares)5000
Level of Investment (in USD)en 2011 se invirtio entre US$ 18 y 20 millones
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population200
Start Date1997
Company Names or State EnterprisesPershimco Resources Inc. from Canada
Compania de Exploracion Mineral (CEMSA) from Panama
Relevant government actorsGobierno Nacional de Panama
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFrente Santeno
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherAmenazas de muerte - incendio de casa de dirigente
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Criminalization of activists
Under negotiation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Amenazas de muerte, incendio de la casa de dirigente
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Es un conflicto aun sin resolucion
Sources and Materials

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Panama: Reforma del Codigo Minero


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Panamá: Los dueños de Cerro Quema, ganancia sin oro
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Movimientos sociales en América Latina (II): Frente Santeño contra la Minería en Panamá
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SOCIOLOGÍA DE AZUERO...Milcíades Pinzón Rodríguez
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'Cerro Quema un refugio de vida silvestre'
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Media Links

'La lucha del Frente Santeño Contra la Minería'
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Cerro Quema and other mining conflicts in Panama. Role of the Pastoral Social.
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Other Documents

Cerro Quema, Panama
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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez revisado JMA
Last update15/03/2016