30/05/2014

Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station, India

Description:

Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station (CSTPS) is the biggest ‘pit head’ Thermal Power Station of the Maharashtra State Electricity Board. The project is located near Chandrapur, Maharastra [1] Many of the plant's units have now become old (Nos. 1 and 2 units had started as early as in 1983 and 1984 respectively). Also, the heights of the chimneys are less than the prescribed norms for thermal power stations. These old units of CSTPS are constantly violating pollution control standards.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station, India
Country:India
State or province:Maharashtra
(municipality or city/town)Village -Tukum, Town - Chandrapur
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Coal
Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

This power station has 7 units (4X210; 3X500) and total installed capacity of the project is 2340 mw. The project was developed in four stages. In the first stage the construction works was started in 1977 and the first unit of 210 MW units started its production August 1983. In the second stage third and fourth units were constructed and operationalized in 1986.

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Project area:11212
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Ltd (Mahagenco) from India - owner
Relevant government actors:Maharastra Pollution Control Board (MPCB)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Eco-Pro Chandrapur, Maharastra
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Strengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:Maharashtra Pollution Control Board have relaxed the rules and have prescribed unit Nos. 1 and 2 standard of 150 mg/Nm3 particulate emission as a special case. Even with all these relaxations, CSTPS has failed to bring discharge under control with the specially prescribed standards despite it has spent on repairs of these electrostatic precipitators.

The electrostatic precipitators (ESPs) of these two units are designed to control SPM of 757 mg/Nm3 and are unable to achieve prescribed standards of 150 mg/Nm3. Activists are demanding immediate scrapping of unit Nos. 1 and 2. [2]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:MPCB officers carry out stack monitoring (pollution inspection) and found violation of norms on every instance during the last three years [2]. The plant has installed electrostatic precipitator systems in 2003. In 2007 it has installed permanent ammonia dosing system for both units. However, CSTPS has failed to meet the emission standards in the two old units [3].
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

The air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Endangered Waters : Impacts of Coal fired Power Plants on Water Supply
[click to view]

Role of Thermal Power Plants and Coal Mining in Local Area

Development and Addressing Regional Imbalance: Conditions and

Processes
[click to view]

Role of Thermal Power Plants and Coal Mining in Local Area

Thermal Power Plants on The Anvil : Implications And Need For Rationalisation
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station
[click to view]

[3] Maharashtra’s largest thermal power plant spewing poison over Chandrapur
[click to view]

[2] Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station poisoned Chanda air every day in last 3 years: RTI
[click to view]

[4] Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station
[click to view]

Eco Pro Chandrapur
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

CSTPS Chandrapur chimneys releasing thick ash and smoke
[click to view]

RTI: Super Thermal Power Station poisoned air,every day in last 3 years, Chandrapur-TV9 (in Marathi language)
[click to view]

Pollution in Chandapur.mp4 (in Marathi language)
[click to view]

Other documents

The chimney stacks of CSTPS emitting thick smoke Source : http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/maharashtra-s-largest-thermal-power-plant-spewing-poison-over-chandrapur
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update30/05/2014
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