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Chenjiachong landfill site and the proposed waste-to-energy plant in Yangluo, Wuhan, Hubei, China

Days of turbulent street protests against an incinerator project in Wuhan have prompted the local government to assure residents it has no plans to build the facility any time soon.


Wuhan, like many cities in China, faces a waste disposal problem, as growing urbanization leads to dense population centers with little room for refuse. The Chenjiachong Sanitary Landfill in Xinzhou district of Wuhan City started operation in 2007, with a design capacity of 14,000,000 m3 and a daily waste dumping capacity of 2,000 tons in the first 5 years. [1] However, the waste deposition rate reached approximately 2,500 tons/day in 2008 and exceeded its capacity soon in the next five years.[2] Currently, around 5,000 tons of waste is disposed in this site every day. [1]

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Chenjiachong landfill site and the proposed waste-to-energy plant in Yangluo, Wuhan, Hubei, China
State or province:Hubei Province
Location of conflict:Shanhe Village, Yangluo Street, Xinzhou District, Wuhan City
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

According to city planning documents, the waste-to-energy plant will cost 199 million yuan (roughly $29 million) and, will process 3,000 tons of waste per day (2,000 tons for the first phase). [4]

Project area:6,560
Level of Investment:29,000,000.00
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:300,000
Start of the conflict:06/2019
Company names or state enterprises:Wuhan Huaneng Rongcheng Renewable Resources Co., Ltd. from China
Relevant government actors:-the Xinzhou district government
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution
Potential: Global warming, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases
Other Health impactsdioxin, etc.
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Militarization and increased police presence
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Other socio-economic impacts
Other socio-economic impactsReduced investment attractiveness; property depreciation
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Under negotiation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The city could not continue to rely on landfills to handle its waste problems, the incineration plant was at the proposal stage and had yet to make substantial progress, but the government promised to consult with local people before making a final decision.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

[7] 武汉长江新城总体规划(2017-2035)环境影响报告书 (accessed on 2019-09-30)
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[2] Project 4442 : Wuhan Xinzhou Chenjiachong Sanitary Landfill LFG Power Generation Project (accessed on 2019-09-30)
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] 规划中的武汉阳逻陈家冲垃圾焚烧厂浅析——还有更合适的选址吗?(accessed on 2019-09-30)
[click to view]

[3] Protests Over Incinerator Rattle Officials in Chinese City (accessed on 2019-09-30)
[click to view]

[4] Environmental Protest Breaks out in China’s Wuhan City (accessed on 2019-09-30)
[click to view]

[6] 武汉最头条:【网络流传阳逻人民群众写给决策机构领导的一封信】(accessed on 2019-09-30)
[click to view]

[5] 陈家冲垃圾发电厂(accessed on 2019-09-30)
[click to view]

[8] 武汉陈家冲拟新建生活垃圾焚烧发电项目 正在选址阶段(accessed on 2019-09-30)
[click to view]

[9] Thousands protest in central China against proposed waste incinerator (accessed on 2019-09-30)
[click to view]

[10] Wuhan: Police crackdown on anti-pollution protests(accessed on 2019-09-30)
[click to view]

[11] China city puts incinerator project on hold after protests - state media(accessed on 2019-09-30)
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Chinese protest against waste-to-energy plant project
[click to view]

Chinese people protest against waste-to-energy plant project in Wuhan
[click to view]

Other documents

Chenjiachong Sanitary Landfill[4]
[click to view]

Give us back the green mountains and clear waters! [4]
[click to view]

Protest on street Source:
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:EnvJustice, ICTA-UAB
Last update04/10/2019
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