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Chevron Activities Degrade Izombe Community, Nigeria

Chevron have been accused of illegal dumping of toxic waste and unabated oil spills in the area, the people demand that Chevron should take responsibility for total remediation of the area.


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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Chevron Activities Degrade Izombe Community, Nigeria
State or province:Imo State
Location of conflict:Oguta Local Government Area.
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Gas flaring
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationSemi-urban
Company names or state enterprises:Chevron Nigeria Limited from Nigeria
Chevron Polska Energy Resources Sp. z o.o. from United States of America
Addaxx Petroleum Limited from China
Sinopec (China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation) from China
Relevant government actors:Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation. NNPC, Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action, MEND - Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta
CLEEN Foundation
Oguta Human Rights Monitoring Committee
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Threats to use arms
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Oil spills
Potential: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Malnutrition, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Under negotiation
In 2010, the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) demanded socio-economic, political and environmental justice for the peoples of the oil region.

Spokesman Jomo Gbomo claimed that government was yet to address the core issues. Gbomo spoke as Izombe, an oil-bearing community in Oguta Local Government Area of Imo State, over what they described as more than three decades of negligence and underdevelopment.
Proposal and development of alternatives:Tha people Demands that:
1.Chevron cleans up the oil spills in Izombe community
2. Chevron halts gas flaring in the community
3.Chevron evacuates all suspected toxic substances dumped in the community
4.Chevron adopts best internationally acceptable practices in clean up and remediation of the oil spill impacted sites.
5. Chevron should pay adequate compensation for the displaced community people.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Chevron is yet to clean up the environment, which has caused many to be displaced from their indigenous lands.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Evaluation of the impact of oil spillage on Izombie community and their productivity implications, Osueke, G. O., Emeka-Opara, F. O., October 2014
[click to view]

Nigeria: Izombe Indigenes Urge Govt to Repair Refineries, All Africa, 20/03/2015
[click to view]

Group To Tackle Youth Restiveness In Imo Oil Communities, A., V., Owerri, Nigeria News Flight, 21/01/2016
[click to view]

Imo Clan Protests Against Addaxx, Chevron Oil Companies, 247Ureports, 02/06/2014
[click to view]

Nigeria: Chevron Donates Hospital, Other Facilities to Host Communities, All Africa, 12/11/2013
[click to view]

Deep in The Republic Of Chevron, N. Onishi, New York Times, 4/07/1999
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Afoke Ohwojeheri
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:547
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