Last update:
2018-03-15

Chevron and Shell Ravage Escravos, Nigeria


Description:

Escravos is located in Warri South Local Government Area of Delta State. Communities here include Ugborodu, Ogidigben, Jala, Madagho and Ajidubu. Escravos plays host to two major transnational oil companies Shell and Chevron. Shell has three flow stations (Sagara, Otumara and Ogidigbe flow stations), while Chevron has its flow station offshore.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Chevron and Shell Ravage Escravos, Nigeria
Country:Nigeria
State or province:Delta State
Location of conflict:Escravos, Warri South Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:07/2001
Company names or state enterprises: from United States of America
Chevron Nigeria Limited from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Royal Dutch Shell (Shell) from Netherlands
Relevant government actors:Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) and NOSDRA
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Oil spills
Potential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Negotiated alternative solution
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:Chevron and Shell must emback on restoration of the Escravos environment.
Spill must be cleared immediately.
Both TNCs should adhere to international standards.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The communities in the area still count their lost over the spill.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) and NOSDRA (National Oil Spill Detection and Remediation Agency)

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Knee deep in Crude; Vol 1. A Publication of environmental Rights Action/ Friends of the Earth Nigeria.

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Nigeria Delta Congress
[click to view]

Hydrocarbons Technology
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Nnimmo Bassey
Last update15/03/2018
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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