Chevron closed its operations in Romania in 2015, due to the public pressure but also because of the international context (low oil prices)
Chevron has exploration rights for three blocks of 670,000 acres near the Black Sea, and has also bought the concession close to Barlad for an undisclosed amount with plans to extract gas using hydraulic fracturing.
In April 2, 2012 Chevron Corp. suspended activities for the exploration and extraction of shale gas in following protests by residents of Vaslui County against the decision of the Romanian Government to allow Chevron to commence shale gas exploration in a concession area located near the city of Barlad. The agreement has been shrouded in secrecy. So far, the government refused to publish the contracts despite the repeated appeals by the opposition and environment activists. In April 2013, protests against the concession continued with about 500 rallying in the town of Barlad on the eastern border with Moldova, but the government has given the go-ahead for the shale gas exploration to continue.
Chevron closed its operations in Romania in 2015. Due to the public pressure but also because of the international context (low oil prices), the company decided it's not profitable to extract shale gas in Romania.
In Romania, Chevron owns rights to exploration and exploitation of gas in Barlad and three areas in Constanta county – Vama Veche, Adamclisi and Costinesti – for which Chevron received concession agreements in March 2012. According to the company, the three onshore blocks cover some 2,700 sq km.
In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Farmers International ejos Local ejos Local government/political parties Neighbours/citizens/communities Local scientists/professionals Religious groups
Forms of Mobilization
Objections to the EIA Official complaint letters and petitions Public campaigns Street protest/marches 0
Potential: Global warming, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Militarization and increased police presence, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / response
Repression Strengthening of participation Moratoria
Do you consider this as a success?
Why? Explain briefly.
At the moment it seems the government is fully supporting the exploration despite local protests.
Chevron however closed its operations in Romania in 2015,due to the public pressure but also because of the international context ( oil low prices) they decided it's not profitable to extract shale gas in Romania.
Sources and Materials
Papatulica, M. (2015). Could Shale Gas Become a Reliable Energy Source for Europe and Romania?. Global Economic Observer, 3(1), 67. [click to view]
Framing Chevron Protests in National and International Press, Cristina Comana, Camelia Cmeciu [click to view]
Shale Gas U-Turns in Bulgaria and Romania: The Turbulent Politics of Energy and Protest
Viktor Nikolaev Goussev, Simon Devey, Bianca Schwarzenburg, Marco Althaus [click to view]