Chutka Nuclear Power Plant, India


In 2009, the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL) has decided to set up an atomic station in Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh to generate 1,400 MW power. Madhya Pradesh Power Generating Company Limited (MPPGCL) are the nodal agency to facilitate the execution of the project.

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Basic Data
NameChutka Nuclear Power Plant, India
ProvinceMadhya Pradesh
SiteChutka, District-Mandla
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe base cost of the two 700-megawatt pressurised heavy water reactors at Chutka village was Rs 11,250 crore on June 2011. The estimated cost to complete both units is Rs 16,550 crore.

Project Area (in hectares)497.73
Level of Investment (in USD)$2.5 billion
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population2000-2500
Start Date2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesNuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) from India
Madhya Pradesh Power Generating Company Limited (MPPGCL) from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of India, Union Ministry of Environment and Forest, Madhya Pradesh Pollution Control Board
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters(Organisations involved in the anti-Chutka Nuclear Project campaign are Chutka Paramanu Sangharsh Samiti, Gondwana Gantantra Party, Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist), Jan Sangharsh Morcha, All India Students Federation, All India Revolutionary Students Organisation, Revolutionary Youth Federation of India, Shiksha Adhikar Manch Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh Mahila Manch, WSS and others)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesMost villagers are aware of the project. They are apprehensive they will not get proper compensation. They also want better health services and transportation facilities. They said project authorities should regulate drinking water supply, which is a primary need of the villagers.

Nevertheless, the campaign has raised six demands from the government which include, 1) Immediate cancellation of all nuclear power projects in India including Chutka Nuclear Power Project, 2) Scrapping of country’s nuclear energy programme and safe dismantling of the existing nuclear reactors, 3) Immediate halt of uranium mining activities in India, 4) Putting in public domain all information related to country’s nuclear energy programme, 5) Stopping wasteful and luxury use of power and ensuring its equitable distribution and use, 6) Development of non-polluting power resources on participatory basis without any commercial motive or profiteering.

Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Gond tribals and anti-nuclear activists took out a celebratory rally here after a public hearing, on the Chutka Nuclear Power Project was indefinitely postponed by the Mandla Collector on 29th July 2013.

Protests are generally making the government cancel public hearings scheduled around the site in the last months, but the project has not been scrapped yet.

Sources and Materials

Land Acquisition act (1884) now repealed with new act with effect to August 2013
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Panchayet Extension to Schedule Area act 1996
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Forest Right Act
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Chutka: People’s agitation forces the govt to cancel EIA hearing - See more at:
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Flag off from Jabalpur
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Controversy looming large over Chutka nuclear project
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NPCIL says Chutka n-power plant safe
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People’s Victory Against Chutka (Madhya Pradesh) Nuclear Power Plant: Lokesh Malti Prakash
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Gonds rally round fellow tribals protesting Chutka nuclear plant
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Locals to disrupt public hearing for nuke project on the Narmada
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Toxic Watch
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Public Awareness Programme Through Mobile Bus for

Chutka Madhya Pradesh Atomic Power Project, Mandla, MP.

Media Links


Chutka nuclear power resistance song - chalo sath hamare
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Chutka Nuclear Power Plant
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Chutka power plant march 2012
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Meta Information
ContributorSohan Prasad Sha & Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014