Last update:
2019-04-01

Cluster of Power Plants in Brandywine

With two power plants already existing in the Brandywine area, three more are proposed to be built with many associated health risks and socio- economic impacts involved, which disproportionately impacts the residents in this area.


Description:

In 2012, Maryland was in need of more power to generate electricity for the entire state, so more power plants became proposed and developed. Because of the already existing farmland, Brandywine became an easy place for the plants to be built. These power plants will add to the already 74 power plants in the state of Maryland. [2]

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Cluster of Power Plants in Brandywine
Country:translation missing: en.countries.united_states_of_america
State or province:Maryland
Location of conflict:Brandywine
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Electricity
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Companies are Panda Power Fund, Competitive Power Ventures, PSEG Keys Energy Center LLC, and NRG Energy. The Panda Mattawoman Plant is 990 megawatts, Panda Brandywine is 289 megawatts, Chalk Point is 2,647 megawatts, CPV St. Charles is 661 megawatts, and Keys Energy Center is 755 megawatts. The total level of investment for the Mattawoman Plant is $1.16 billion, for the Keys Plant is $825-$875 million, and for the CPV St. Charles Plant is more than $500 millions of private investment.

Level of Investment:$2,535,000,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:about 930,000
Start of the conflict:2012
Company names or state enterprises:Panda Power Funds
PSEG Keys Energy Center LLC
NRG Energy
Competitive Power Ventures
Dominion Energy
Relevant government actors:Panda Power Funds, PSEG Keys Energy Center LLC, NRG Energy, andCompetitive Power Ventures, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and Prince George's County State of Maryland
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Clean Air Prince George's, Brandywine TB Coalition, Patuxent RiverKeeper, and EarthJustice
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Noise pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Other Health impacts
Other Health impactsIn 2006, a study by the Maryland Nurses Association concluded that 700 premature deaths, 30,000 asthma attacks, and 400 pediatric emergency room visits that were occurring each year were linked to the pollution from six other Maryland power plants, including Chalk Point. [1] As well as other environmental related diseases.
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Other socio-economic impacts
Other socio-economic impactsThere are U.S. regulations against disproportionately impact to racially disadvantaged groups, which are being violated with these power plants.
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Project temporarily suspended
Development of alternatives:The organization clean air prince georges state in their website that "A revolution in energy production is underway, where wind power is now cheaper to build than new gas-fired power plants, and solar is rapidly becoming the cheapest form of energy, undercutting everything within the next five years. The need for large centralized power plants and the accompanying power lines and pipelines will be over within the lifetime of these new proposed gas-fired power plants. Prince George’s County should be a leader in clean energy, not relying on fossil fuel power plants that will be increasingly phased out under policies like Obama’s Clean Power Plan." [1]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Although the power plants were built, residents are effectively getting larger parties involved to combat the injustice and were successful in victories with the fly ash landfill not renewing its permits as well as the suspension of the Dominion Compressor Station project.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2] Cluster of Power Plants Divides a Maryland Community
[click to view]

[4] Panda Mattawoman Power Project
[click to view]

[5] PSEG Keys Energy Center: Construction Status Update
[click to view]

[8] Proliferation of Power Plants in Pr. George's Worries Residents
[click to view]

[3] Background information on Fly- Ash landfills
[click to view]

[1] Clean Air Prince George's: So Everybody Can Breath Easy
[click to view]

[6] Environmental Groups Win Victory in Reducing Coal Plant Water Pollution in MD
[click to view]

[9] Michael Trentel: Panda Power Funds
[click to view]

[7] Clean Air Prince George's Representative
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Stop Additional Brandywine, MD Power Plants
[click to view]

Other documents

Panda Brandywine Plant This plant has been existing and in operation since 1996
[click to view]

PSEG Keys Energy Center
[click to view]

Panda Mattawoman Plant
[click to view]

CPV St. Charles Energy Center
[click to view]

Chalk Point Generating Station This plant has been operating since 1964
[click to view]

Local Disapproval of the Power Plants
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Olivia Berson, Skidmore College
Last update01/04/2019
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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