Cluster of Power Plants in Brandywine

With two power plants already existing in the Brandywine area, three more are proposed to be built with many associated health risks and socio- economic impacts involved, which disproportionately impacts the residents in this area.


In 2012, Maryland was in need of more power to generate electricity for the entire state, so more power plants became proposed and developed. Because of the already existing farmland, Brandywine became an easy place for the plants to be built. These power plants will add to the already 74 power plants in the state of Maryland. [2]

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Basic Data
NameCluster of Power Plants in Brandywine
CountryUnited States of America
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsCompanies are Panda Power Fund, Competitive Power Ventures, PSEG Keys Energy Center LLC, and NRG Energy. The Panda Mattawoman Plant is 990 megawatts, Panda Brandywine is 289 megawatts, Chalk Point is 2,647 megawatts, CPV St. Charles is 661 megawatts, and Keys Energy Center is 755 megawatts. The total level of investment for the Mattawoman Plant is $1.16 billion, for the Keys Plant is $825-$875 million, and for the CPV St. Charles Plant is more than $500 millions of private investment.
Level of Investment (in USD)$2,535,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Populationabout 930,000
Start Date2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesPanda Power Funds
PSEG Keys Energy Center LLC
NRG Energy
Competitive Power Ventures
Dominion Energy
Relevant government actorsPanda Power Funds, PSEG Keys Energy Center LLC, NRG Energy, andCompetitive Power Ventures, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and Prince George's County State of Maryland
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersClean Air Prince George's, Brandywine TB Coalition, Patuxent RiverKeeper, and EarthJustice
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationLawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Noise pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Other Health impacts
OtherIn 2006, a study by the Maryland Nurses Association concluded that 700 premature deaths, 30,000 asthma attacks, and 400 pediatric emergency room visits that were occurring each year were linked to the pollution from six other Maryland power plants, including Chalk Point. [1] As well as other environmental related diseases.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Other socio-economic impacts
OtherThere are U.S. regulations against disproportionately impact to racially disadvantaged groups, which are being violated with these power plants.
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
Project temporarily suspended
Development of AlternativesThe organization clean air prince georges state in their website that "A revolution in energy production is underway, where wind power is now cheaper to build than new gas-fired power plants, and solar is rapidly becoming the cheapest form of energy, undercutting everything within the next five years. The need for large centralized power plants and the accompanying power lines and pipelines will be over within the lifetime of these new proposed gas-fired power plants. Prince George’s County should be a leader in clean energy, not relying on fossil fuel power plants that will be increasingly phased out under policies like Obama’s Clean Power Plan." [1]
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Although the power plants were built, residents are effectively getting larger parties involved to combat the injustice and were successful in victories with the fly ash landfill not renewing its permits as well as the suspension of the Dominion Compressor Station project.
Sources and Materials

Civil Rights Act of 1964


[2] Cluster of Power Plants Divides a Maryland Community
[click to view]

[4] Panda Mattawoman Power Project
[click to view]

[5] PSEG Keys Energy Center: Construction Status Update
[click to view]

[8] Proliferation of Power Plants in Pr. George's Worries Residents
[click to view]

[3] Background information on Fly- Ash landfills
[click to view]

[1] Clean Air Prince George's: So Everybody Can Breath Easy
[click to view]

[6] Environmental Groups Win Victory in Reducing Coal Plant Water Pollution in MD
[click to view]

[9] Michael Trentel: Panda Power Funds
[click to view]

[7] Clean Air Prince George's Representative
[click to view]

Media Links

Stop Additional Brandywine, MD Power Plants
[click to view]

Other Documents

Panda Brandywine Plant This plant has been existing and in operation since 1996
[click to view]

PSEG Keys Energy Center
[click to view]

Panda Mattawoman Plant
[click to view]

Chalk Point Generating Station This plant has been operating since 1964
[click to view]

CPV St. Charles Energy Center
[click to view]

Local Disapproval of the Power Plants
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorOlivia Berson, Skidmore College
Last update01/04/2019