In 2012, Maryland was in need of more power to generate electricity for the entire state, so more power plants became proposed and developed. Because of the already existing farmland, Brandywine became an easy place for the plants to be built. These power plants will add to the already 74 power plants in the state of Maryland. 
Located in Brandywine, Maryland, a new natural gas power plant, Panda Mattawoman, was proposed to be built within view of a second proposed gas fired power plant, PSEG Keys Energy Center. These two are down the road from a third power plant that is already up and running, gas- fired Panda Brandywine Plant, which is just within 15 miles of a fourth and fifth power plant, where one is under construction, gas fired CPV St. Charles Plant, and one is already operating, Chalk Point Generating Station with is a coal, oil, and gas fired plant. While two of the power plants are not located in Brandywine, Chalk Point in Eagle Harbor and CPV in Waldorf, with one being constructed outside of Prince George’s, they are all within a fifteen-mile radius of each other and will severely hurt the Maryland community in this area.  The five power plants are Panda Brandywine, Panda Mattawoman, CPV St. Charles, PSEG Keys Energy Center, and Chalk Point.
Brandywine is located in Prince George’s County, which is predominantly an African American area, roughly 72%, with the worst ozone pollution of any other county in the state of Maryland.  The addition of these power plants will severely worsen the air quality of the surrounding area, putting those residents’ lives at an even bigger risk. The area surrounding is mostly residential with shopping centers and a vast area of farmlands and wetlands. Farming used to be much bigger in the area, until new zoning laws in the 1960s were put in place to make way for more industrial infrastructures. These laws permitted a landfill, sand and gravel mining operations, and these five power plants to be built. 
The area of Prince George’s is very close to large counties like Montgomery and Howard. These communities also have large amounts of land, so critics wonder why plants are being built close together in one small area and not in other counties. 
In the summer, when ozone levels are most dangerous and winds blow from the southwest to the northeast, pollution from the power plants near St. Charles and Brandywine travel to the more populated areas, around Upper Marlboro, which is also home to the county’s landfill, the states only sewage sludge incinerator, and a possible new trash incinerator. This combined presents a much more serious health issue to residents, especially in the summer months.  To make their voices heard, residents regularly gather to discuss next steps as well as reach out to officials and protest what they are being subjected to. 
After listening to community concerns and repeated protests and calls to Senators, Panda Energy modified its proposal and agreed to reduce the visibility of the proposed plant by adding more landscaping, use reclaimed water instead of potable water to cool the plant, and use emissions monitoring systems that will meet state standards.  However, they do not account for some of the larger problems that will arise, such as the pollution from the gas and diesel vehicles going in and out of the plant.
Those that are currently existing are Panda Brandywine Power Facility and Chalk Point Power Plant. Plants under construction are the CPV St. Charles Plant. This plant is not directly in Prince George’s County, but will still contribute to the poor air quality that the community experiences. Power plants that are proposed to be built include the Panda Mattawoman Plant and the Keys Energy Center. These two proposed plants are within about one mile from each other, while being about two miles from the existing Panda Brandywine Power Facility.
The Panda Brandywine Plant began operation in 1996, but Panda Power Funds sold their interest in the project a few years ago, however it still remains operating.  The Chalk Point Plant has been in operation since 1964. But, when the other plants began approval starting in 2012, the issue of environmental justice took shape and the area started to see what was happening.
Located just behind the location where the Keys Energy Center is proposed to be built is a 45-year-old fly ash landfill from the Chalk Point Power plant.  This ash comes from the plant and is then captured and placed into this landfill, since air quality standards restrict it from entering their air. It being in a landfill gives it the high potential to seep into the groundwater and contaminate it. This fly ash also has high levels of heavy metals, which is detrimental to a person’s health if breathed in large quantities.  However, due to citizen and RiverKeeper opposition, the landfill was turned down from renewing its permits, which serves as a victory for the community of Brandywine.  The Keys Plant will also be constructed on more than 180 acres of land as well as wetlands, which has angered residents as they say it needs to be protected. 
In 2012, two power plants in Washington, DC and one in Alexandria, Virginia were shut down because they were no longer needed to provide electricity to the area. In 2014, the Brandywine plant only operated at 38% capacity and the Chalk Point at 13% capacity. The plants have large amounts of unused energy, which has made residents question why there needs to be more plants built in such a small area. 
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 makes it illegal for federal funded entities, including the State of Maryland and the county, to take actions that have discriminatory effects on racial minorities. The approval of these power plants will result in a violation of the Civil Rights Act. 
When the Panda Mattawoman Plant is built, it will be sitting right next to Brandywine Elementary School. This will put young children’s health at risk as they will be directly breathing in the emissions from the plant. When the Keys Energy Center is built, the school will be just a few miles from three power plants, where two will be natural gas and will be emitting a mix of nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter that can cause major respiratory problems. 
The plants will bring many new jobs to the community, which is something that will help improve overall income of residents. However, they are unhappy with the fact that in order to have these jobs, they will be allowing the power plants they will work for to worsen their community. 
When the fifth plant, Panda Mattawoman, was approved, nonprofit Patuxent RiverKeeper and Brandywine TB Coalition filed a federal civil rights complaint against several state agencies who approved the construction. They argued that the companies did not assess the pollution, traffic, and noise increase that the plant will cause before they approved it. They also argued that the construction will have adverse effects on the area’s predominantly African American community. This issue was regarded as environmental injustice by Patuxent RiverKeeper’s head Fred Tutman. 
The organizations also contest that they were not adequately informed of the approval and construction of the power plants.
As of now, all of the plants have been approved. The newest of the five, Panda Mattawoman Plant and Keys Energy Center, already have anticipated completion dates of construction. The anticipated date of commercial operation of the Mattawoman Plant is expected to be 2019 , while the Keys Plant is targeted to be in operation in 2018. 
Clean Air Prince George’s has confirmed that the Keys Plants is about ready to start running, but have noted that the Panda Mattawoman Plant seems abandoned without progress being done. They think that plant ran out of money and therefore, were unable to complete the project. They also spoke on the fact that while they have done all they can to stop the construction of the plant, their advocacy efforts did not strain Panda’s budget because of the fact that the group cannot afford expensive lawyers to attack the company and has not been successful in winning the advocacy battles. 
In recent news, a new compressor plant was proposed to be developed just outside of Prince George’s County by the company Dominion. Nevertheless, with backlash from the community and many advocacy efforts, the company decided not to pursue the proposal.  This compressor station was said to be necessary to fuel the Mattawoman plant, but it is suspected that Dominion falsified this to obtain the land to build this plant. 
However, in light of all these problems, in 2017 governor Larry Hogan’s administration imposed limits on toxic metals in water pollution from the three power plants, including the Chalk Point Plant in Prince George’s, which can reduce toxic discharges by up to 97%. 
Currently, wind power is cheaper to build than gas fired power plants, and solar is quickly becoming more and more cheaper.