Coal mine of Baradarha Thermal Power Station, Chhattisgarh, India


Baradarha Thermal Power Station is located at Baradarha in Janjgir district of Chhattisgarh. D B Power is promoted by Bhaskar group that publishes Dainik Bhaskar, the largest selling Hindi newspaper in Chhattisgarh [1].

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Basic Data
NameCoal mine of Baradarha Thermal Power Station, Chhattisgarh, India
SiteVillage- Baradarha; District- Janjgir
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Mineral ore exploration
Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsDiliigent Power is developing 1200 MW Baradarha power station project in Chattisgarh. The owner of the power plant is DB Power Limited (DBPL). The power plant has a capacity of 1200 MW (2 x 600 MW). DB Power Limited (DBPL) is a Dainik Bhaskar Group Company. It has made long term plan to develop & own 8400 MW generation capacity in next six years [2].
Project Area (in hectares)281
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population51,000
Start Date2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesDB Power Limited
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Chattisgarh
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersLocal Villagers
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBoycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of a network/collective action
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of AlternativesThe area is listed under Schedule Five of Indian constitution because majority of its residents are tribals (adivasis). The area is covered by the PESA (Panchayat Extension in Scheduled Areas Act 1996). It makes the area special status and it is mandatory to consult local people before land acquisition [1].
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.In 2011, at a public hearing for the proposed coal mine 438 people spoke at the hearing. Not a single in support of the project. People pointed that Environment Impact Assessment study is full of inaccuracies and half truth. Company claimed that villagers move forward in support of D B Power. In some report says that company has submitted in writing to the administration its decision to exclude 350 acres (141 hectares) of town area. However, these claims are not substantiated either from the company of the government officials [1].
Sources and Materials

Land acquisition act 2013
[click to view]

The Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension of the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 No.40 OF 1996
[click to view]


[2] Baradarha Thermal Power Station
[click to view]

[3] Baradarha power station
[click to view]

[1] Coal mine threatens to eat up town
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update21/05/2014