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COFCO Joycome pig farms in Chifeng City, Inner Mongolia, China

Local herders protested in different waves against intensive hog production project with pollution of untreated sewage discharge to grazing land and careless disposal of dead pigs.


With vast grassland and pasture resources, and a breeding feed production area, Inner Mongolia is planned as a potential expanding area for pig breeding by the Ministry of Agriculture (as Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs since March 2018). On September 4, 2013, COFCO Meat Holdings, Ltd. and the People's Government of Ongniud Banner of Chifeng City, Inner Mongolia signed a cooperation agreement on the meat industry chain project in COFCO Plaza. [1] As China’s largest state-run food processing, manufacturing and trading company, COFCO Group launched the project for creating the “Technology Model Zone for Raising a Million Head of Pigs” on the land expropriated from local herders mainly in Ongniud Banner, soon after the agreement was signed.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:COFCO Joycome pig farms in Chifeng City, Inner Mongolia, China
State or province: Inner Mongolia
Location of conflict:Ongniud Banner (Wengniuteqi), Chifeng City
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Specific commodities:Meat
Live Animals
Project Details and Actors
Project details

On March 7, 2014, COFCO Joycome (Chifeng) Co., Ltd. was established with a registered capital of US$71.02 million. [2]

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Project area:2,000
Level of Investment for the conflictive project71,020,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:8,000 -10,000
Start of the conflict:17/10/2016
End of the conflict:2018
Company names or state enterprises:COFCO Meat Holdings Limited (COFCO Meat) from China - Owner
China National Cereals, Oils and Foodstuffs Corporation (COFCO) from China - Investor and controller
COFCO Joycome (Chifeng) Co., Ltd. from China - operating company for hog production of COFCO in Chifeng
Relevant government actors:-People's Government of Ongniud Banner
-Environmental Protection Bureau of Ongniud Banner
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Soil contamination, Food insecurity (crop damage), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Waste overflow
Health ImpactsPotential: Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Other socio-economic impacts, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Other socio-economic impactsmuch longer distance to access clean water
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Fines imposed on the company.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Fines were imposed on COFCO; rectifications of environmental facilities were implemented; however, there are many contradictions in different statements from the company and the official bureau of the government; moreover, the problems related the land and livelihoods of herders have not been addressed.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

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[5]建设项目竣工验收环境保护验收监测报告:中粮家佳康(赤峰)有限公司20万头生猪健康生态养殖项目 (accessed on 04-10-2018)
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[6]工程建设项目竣工环境保护验收报告:中粮家佳康(赤峰)有限公司100万头生猪健康生态养殖项目(二期)40万头生猪健康生态养殖 (accessed on 04-10-2018)
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References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[2] 2017 Annual Report: COFCO Meat Holdings Limited (accessed on 2018-10-04)
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[1]中粮肉食与内蒙古赤峰市翁牛特旗人民政府签署合作协议(accessed on 04-10-2018)
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[3]中粮养猪场污染内蒙古牧场:污水粪便直排 恶臭难散(accessed on 2018-09-30)
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[7] Southern Mongolia: Community Herders Protest Pig Farm Project on Grazing Land
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[8] Mongolian herders protest pig farm construction in China (accessed on 04-10-2018)
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[9] China: Herders in Inner Mongolia protest against COFCO Joycome pig farms that allegedly discharge untreated sewage into grazing land, two protestors arrested (accessed on 04-10-2018)
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[11]中粮”死猪抛野外污染环境 内蒙数百农牧民抗议 (accessed on 04-10-2018)
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[12]内蒙古农牧民抗议国企污染被刑拘 2人被批捕(accessed on 04-10-2018)
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[13]中粮回应下属企业环境污染问题:改进工作已完成 (accessed on 04-10-2018)
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[15]内蒙古数百农牧民堵路抗议中粮集团污染 18人被抓
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[10]Southern Mongolia:内蒙古昭乌达盟翁牛特旗牧民发动抗议
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Meta information
Contributor:EnvJustice, ICTA-UAB/NWAFU interns
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:3761
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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