Last update:
2014-04-08

Colquijirca, El Brocal, Perú

Description:

Colquijirca, Sociedad Minera El Brocal en el distrito de Tinyahuarco, Provincia de Cerro de Pasco, a 289 Km de Lima y a 10 km de Pasco, a 4.250 m.s.n.m., produce plata, plomo y zinc, es propiedad de Minas Buenaventura (de la familia Benavides, la más poderosa compañía minera de Perú).

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Colquijirca, El Brocal, Perú
Country:Peru
State or province:Pasco
Location of conflict:Colquijirca
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Specific commodities:Zinc
Silver
Lead
Project Details and Actors
Project details

mina a cielo abierto y mina subterránea 1.2 millones de toneladas de mineral al año reservas Tajo Norte 43.273.087 Ton reservas Marca Punta Norte 8.047.247 Ton.

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Level of Investment:600000000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:5000
Start of the conflict:1993
Company names or state enterprises:Minas Buenaventura
Minera El Brocal S.A. from Peru
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Confederación Nacional de Comunidades del Perú Afectadas por la Minería CONACAMI
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Strikes
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil erosion, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Negotiated alternative solution
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:El proyecto pone en peligro no solo a los seres humanos que viven en las zonas cercanas de las minas, y la comunidad de Vicco, además peligra el segundo lago más importante del Perú. La empresa estará implementando una ampliación del complejo minero.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Web El Brocal

OCMAL

LUCHA SIN FIN DE LAS COMUNIDADES DE VICCO Y SAN MATEO, Ecología

La Revista Agraria

Raúl E. Chacón , EL NACIMIENTO DEL ECOLOGISMO POPULAR EN EL PERÚ, O LA

Política, n. 24

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

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Meta information
Contributor:Pato Chávez y Joan Martinez Alier
Last update08/04/2014
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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