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Community decries shoddy cleanup of oil pollution by PPMC Contractors, Nigeria


Ibada Elume Community is located in Sapele Local Government Area of Delta State. A Petroleum Products Marketing Company (PPMC) pipeline from the Warri Refinery carrying refined products to Edo State and further to the northern parts of Nigeria passes through the community. Between 2006 and 2009 there were several petroleum products spills from the PPMC pipeline which flowed into the community farmlands causing fire and destruction of farmlands and livelihoods of the community people. Some of the affected areas are: Ajabugbe where 10 hectares with 50 fishponds were affected, Ogokpakpa where five hectares with 26 fishponds and economic trees were affected, and Usietan where three hectares of land with food crops such as cassava, plantain, and palm trees were affected.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Community decries shoddy cleanup of oil pollution by PPMC Contractors, Nigeria
State or province:Delta State
Location of conflict:Ibada Elume Community, Sapele Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Oil and gas refining
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:2006
Company names or state enterprises:Petroleum Product Marketing Company - PPMC from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action, Trade Unions
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Artisanal miners
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Global warming, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Negotiated alternative solution
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:-PPMC/NNPC and its Consultants Hudson Nigeria Limited should be compelled to ensure that proper cleanup is done immediately
-PPMC/NNPC should be compelled to pay compensation to families affected.
-PPMC/NNPC should be compelled to work with community people to guarantee pipeline integrity.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Community people are still counting their lost, as compensation have not been paid, and full restoration of the area have not be done properly.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

ERA field report
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Godwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014
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