Complexo Industrial Portuário Governador Eraldo Gueiros (Cips), Pernambuco, Brazil

Foro SUAPE and communities accuse "Complexo Industrial Portuário de Suape" of violence, forced evictions, water contamination and threats to local inhabitants and activists


The Suape Port Industrial Complex (CIPS) was launched in 1974 by the governor of Pernambuco, Eraldo Gueiros Leite, as an alternative to the Port of Recife, which according to the Master Plan, was overloaded and needed to be restructured and expanded, along with the construction of an industrial complex. According to its promoters, the Suape port project, located in an area of rich natural resources and in proximity to the capital of Pernambuco, would contribute to the development of the state and the Northeast of Brasil.

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Basic Data
NameComplexo Industrial Portuário Governador Eraldo Gueiros (Cips), Pernambuco, Brazil
SiteCabo de Santo Agostinho e Ipojuca
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Chemical industries
Specific CommoditiesTransport facilities
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project Details- Between 2011 and 2012, Suape employed more than 50 thousand people. According to the PAC's 2009 report, there were 46,700 new direct and 150 indirect jobs, with a growth of 3.5% in Gross Domestic Product.

-CIPS is located on the southern coast of the state of Pernambuco, near the mouth of the Tatuoca and Massangana rivers, adding a territorial area of 2,665.4 km2 and a resident population of 1,137,381. Among the main projects are: the Abreu e Lima Refinery, Suape Petrochemical and the Naval Pole that make up the area of direct influence that has been suffering the largest damage. The Strategic Territory of SUAPE is interconnected to more than 160 ports present in all the continents. In the year 2016 CIPS had 77 industries installed in its territory. From 2007 to 2010, CIPS received US $ 17 billion for the implementation of the main structuring projects, R $ 62.3 billion from the federal government, by the Growth Acceleration Program , more than R $ 596 million investment and investments financed by the Government of Pernambuco in 2010. At the peak of the works, between 2011 and 2012, Suape employed more than 50 thousand people. According to the PAC's 2009 report, 46,700 new direct and 150 indirect jobs were registered, with a growth of 3.5% in Gross Domestic Product, the largest in the Northeast.
Project Area (in hectares)266,540
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population1,137,000
Start Date1974
Company Names or State Enterprises Companhia Hidrelétrica do São Francisco (Chesf) from Brazil
Termopernambuco from Brazil
Concessionária Rota do Atlântico from Brazil
Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional from Brazil
Queiroz Galvão from Brazil
Van Oord from Netherlands
Relevant government actorsMinistério da Saúde do Brasil,Estado de Pernambuco,Instituto Nacional de Colonização e Reforma Agrária (INCRA),
International and Financial InstitutionsTaquari Participações from Brazil
Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social (BNDES) from Brazil
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMovimento Ecossocialista de Pernambuco (MEP),Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra (MST), Ligas Camponesas, Federação dos Trabalhadores Agricultores de Pernambuco (Fetape), Centro das Mulheres do Cabo (CMC), Comissão Pastoral da Terra (CPT), Fórum Suape – Espaço Socioambiental (more than 20 local organizations in the Suape Region), Conselho Pastoral dos Pescadores (CPP), Movimento de Libertação dos Sem Terras (MLST).

Supporters: Federação de Órgãos para Assistência Social e Educacional (Fase), Action Aid, Fundação Osvaldo Cruz (Fiocruz),
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups Mobilizing
Local scientists/professionals
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Landless peasants
Religious groups
Local ejos
Social movements
Fisher people
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Street blockages, use of community radio stations to share information
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Global warming
OtherSpecific impacts on mangroves (around 600 ha of mangroves have been destroyed), Specific impact on marine ecosystems due to pollution
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Militarization and increased police presence
OtherSpecific militarized security forces linked to the companies named "Milícias de Suape"
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Criminalization of activists
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The project is ongoing
Sources and Materials

Convenção no 169 da Organização Internacional do Trabalho (OIT)

State Law No. 7,763 for the creation of the public company Suape - Complexo Industrial Portuário, with the purpose of creating a large industrial district in the steel, petrochemical, and naval.


Barreto, N.M.S.; Júnior, L.P.Q. A (re)produção do espaço capitalista nas áreas de grandes empreendimentos: uma análise comparativa entre os conflitos socioambientais nos Complexos Portuários do Açu e de Suape. Boletim do Observatório Ambiental Alberto Ribeiro Lamego, Campos dos Goytacazes/RJ, v. 6 n. 1, p. 57-67.2012.

Oliveira, R. S. SAÚDE E DESENVOLVIMENTO: um estudo sobre as condições sociossanitárias em municípios do território estratégico de Suape;

A (re)produção do espaço capitalista nas áreas de grandes empreendimentos: uma análise comparativa entre os conflitos socioambientais nos Complexos Portuários do Açu e de Suape. Nina Maria de Souza Barreto; Luiz de Pinedo Quinto Júnior
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SUAPE. Empresas instaladas em Suape.
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"Governo vai honrar projeto habitacional"; "Empresas e posseiros"
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Banco de dados CPT e reportagem do Jornal do Comércio, presente em - Adriana Guarda: [JC] Suape, terra de conflitos
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Problema Social em Suape - Editorial do Jornal do Comércio publicado em 2009-
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Media Links

Vídeo: Tatuoca, Ilha Roubada (2014)
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Vídeo no youtube: "DENÚNCIA: esta é a forma real de Geraldo Júlio governar em Suape".
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Other Documents

SUAPE Insustentável Source: Fórum Suape | Esp socioambiental (2016)
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Porto de Suape
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Meta Information
ContributorCremilda Alves (FIOCRUZ- Pernambuco) and Grettel Navas (ENVJustice Project)
Last update22/03/2019