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Complexo Industrial Portuário Governador Eraldo Gueiros (Cips), Pernambuco, Brazil

Foro SUAPE and communities accuse "Complexo Industrial Portuário de Suape" of violence, forced evictions, water contamination and threats to local inhabitants and activists


The Suape Port Industrial Complex (CIPS) was launched in 1974 by the governor of Pernambuco, Eraldo Gueiros Leite, as an alternative to the Port of Recife, which according to the Master Plan, was overloaded and needed to be restructured and expanded, along with the construction of an industrial complex. According to its promoters, the Suape port project, located in an area of rich natural resources and in proximity to the capital of Pernambuco, would contribute to the development of the state and the Northeast of Brasil.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Complexo Industrial Portuário Governador Eraldo Gueiros (Cips), Pernambuco, Brazil
State or province:Pernambuco
Location of conflict:Cabo de Santo Agostinho e Ipojuca
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Chemical industries
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Steel
Chemical products
Transport facilities
Project Details and Actors
Project details

- Between 2011 and 2012, Suape employed more than 50 thousand people. According to the PAC's 2009 report, there were 46,700 new direct and 150 indirect jobs, with a growth of 3.5% in Gross Domestic Product.

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Project area:266,540
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:1,137,000
Start of the conflict:1974
Company names or state enterprises: Companhia Hidrelétrica do São Francisco (Chesf) from Brazil
Termopernambuco from Brazil
Concessionária Rota do Atlântico from Brazil
Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional from Brazil
Queiroz Galvão from Brazil
Van Oord from Netherlands
Relevant government actors:Ministério da Saúde do Brasil,Estado de Pernambuco,Instituto Nacional de Colonização e Reforma Agrária (INCRA),
International and Finance InstitutionsTaquari Participações from Brazil
Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social (BNDES) from Brazil
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Movimento Ecossocialista de Pernambuco (MEP),Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra (MST), Ligas Camponesas, Federação dos Trabalhadores Agricultores de Pernambuco (Fetape), Centro das Mulheres do Cabo (CMC), Comissão Pastoral da Terra (CPT), Fórum Suape – Espaço Socioambiental (more than 20 local organizations in the Suape Region), Conselho Pastoral dos Pescadores (CPP), Movimento de Libertação dos Sem Terras (MLST).
Supporters: Federação de Órgãos para Assistência Social e Educacional (Fase), Action Aid, Fundação Osvaldo Cruz (Fiocruz),
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups

Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Street blockages, use of community radio stations to share information
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Global warming
Other Environmental impactsSpecific impacts on mangroves (around 600 ha of mangroves have been destroyed), Specific impact on marine ecosystems due to pollution
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Militarization and increased police presence
Other socio-economic impactsSpecific militarized security forces linked to the companies named "Milícias de Suape"
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The project is ongoing
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Convenção no 169 da Organização Internacional do Trabalho (OIT)

State Law No. 7,763 for the creation of the public company Suape - Complexo Industrial Portuário, with the purpose of creating a large industrial district in the steel, petrochemical, and naval.

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Oliveira, R. S. SAÚDE E DESENVOLVIMENTO: um estudo sobre as condições sociossanitárias em municípios do território estratégico de Suape;

Barreto, N.M.S.; Júnior, L.P.Q. A (re)produção do espaço capitalista nas áreas de grandes empreendimentos: uma análise comparativa entre os conflitos socioambientais nos Complexos Portuários do Açu e de Suape. Boletim do Observatório Ambiental Alberto Ribeiro Lamego, Campos dos Goytacazes/RJ, v. 6 n. 1, p. 57-67.2012.

A (re)produção do espaço capitalista nas áreas de grandes empreendimentos: uma análise comparativa entre os conflitos socioambientais nos Complexos Portuários do Açu e de Suape. Nina Maria de Souza Barreto; Luiz de Pinedo Quinto Júnior
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"Governo vai honrar projeto habitacional"; "Empresas e posseiros"
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Banco de dados CPT e reportagem do Jornal do Comércio, presente em - Adriana Guarda: [JC] Suape, terra de conflitos
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Problema Social em Suape - Editorial do Jornal do Comércio publicado em 2009-
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SUAPE. Empresas instaladas em Suape.
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Vídeo no youtube: "DENÚNCIA: esta é a forma real de Geraldo Júlio governar em Suape".
[click to view]

Vídeo: Tatuoca, Ilha Roubada (2014)
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Meta information
Contributor:Cremilda Alves (FIOCRUZ- Pernambuco) and Grettel Navas (ENVJustice Project)
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:3984
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