Killing of anti-mining activists in Compostela, Mindanao, Philippines

There is constant repression against farmers and indigenous populations complaining against large scale mining in Southern Midanao. Killings are on the rise.


On October 13, 2016, there was a new victim of the mining industry in Campostela Valley, Joselito “Anoy” Pasaporte, 32, a member of the youth arm of the environmental group Panalipdan, which is campaigning against operations of the Agusan Petroleum and Minerals Corp. and against military units accused of protecting the firm and of occupying communities and schools in the province. Anoy Pasaporte’s death followed that of Jimmy Saypan, secretary general of the Compostela Valley Farmers Association, two days earlier. Saypan, 48, was shot in the stomach by motorcycle-riding gunmen in Barangay New Visayas in Montevista town Monday afternoon and died at a hospital in Tagum City, Davao del Norte the following day. Like Pasaporte, Saypan was also prominent in the campaign against Agusan Petroleum and Minerals Corp. and military abuses.

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Basic Data
NameKilling of anti-mining activists in Compostela, Mindanao, Philippines
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Specific CommoditiesCopper
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsMining exploration permit for the Agusan Petroleum and Mineral Corporation (Agpet) covers 12,444 hectares in Compostela displacing at least 1200 families. Permission for exploration granted by the state in 2011, expired in 2013 but AGPET is always there.
Project Area (in hectares)12,444
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population8,000
Start Date2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesAgusan Petroleum and Minerals Corp (AGPET) from Philippines
Relevant government actorsThe Army

Local government
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPanalipdan - SMR (South Mindanao Region)

Compostela Farmers' Association

Hugpong sa Mag-Uuma sa Walog Compostela (HUMAWAC) the provincial chapter of KMP in Compostela Valley
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingArtisanal miners
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Sources refer to "farmers and lumad" people. Artisanal miners also demonstrate against the company.
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Barricades, pickets, kampuhan (people’s camp), placing placards along mountain trails.
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Violent targeting of activists
Anoy Pasaporte and Jimmy Saypan were killed in October 2016
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Strong repression, killing or wounding of leaders of farmers' association.
Sources and Materials

Capital interests: A historical analysis of the transformation of small-scale gold mining in Compostela Valley province, Southern Philippines, by Boris Verbrugge.The Extractive Industries and Society. 1(1), March 2014, Pages 86–95 .


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[2] panalipdansouth.blogspot - Davao-based environmental campaign and education center dealing with threats to the environment and the people in Southern Mindanao Region
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[1] Related case, killing of activist Teresita Navacilla in the King-King mining project in Compostela
[click to view] The online news portal of TV5
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Compostela farmers, local gov't oppose mining exploration. Both the local government and farmers say Agusan Petroleum and Mineral Corporation's mining exploration will do more harm than good to the town. Karlos Manlupig, June 21, 2015
[click to view] The online news portal of TV5
[click to view]

Media Links

Lennart Hofman, Are indigenous Filipinos being murdered for anti-mine activism?
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Farmers and small scale miners Barricade Against The AGUSAN PETROLEUM And Mineral Corporation
[click to view]

Panalipdan-SMR is a Davao-based environmental campaign and education center dealing with threats to the environment and the people in Southern Mindanao Region.
[click to view]

From Kilusang Magbubikid ng Pilipinas
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Other Documents

Jimmy Saipan
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Bello Tindasan
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Other CommentsLocal condolences: "Jimmy Saypan...loving father and son, a Mandaya Lumad leader, humble farmer, fearless community organizer, defender of the environment and ancestral domain, a genuine warm hearted spirit, we called you Kuya, our brother, our friend, our kauban, our kasama. They may have murdered your physical flesh, but your spirit will live on through us as we continue the struggle..."
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Last update24/10/2016