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Eco Resort by Con Dau Village, Vietnam

Forced evictions, violent crackdowns and torture are turning the small catholic farming and fishing village Con Dau into a so-called "eco-resort"


The Con Dau village used to be a small farming and fishing village, covering 110ha in Hoa Xuan commune, located just 4km South of Da Nang, Central Vietnam. While centuries ago, the area used to be an un-cultivable swamp, with seawater entering the fields, the effort of many generations of hard working families with strong community bonds, turned it into an area suitable for agriculture as well as into the home of their catholic parish [1].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Eco Resort by Con Dau Village, Vietnam
State or province:Central Vietnam
(municipality or city/town)Con Dau village, Hoa Xuan ward area, 4km South of Da Nang City
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Land acquisition conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific commodities:Land
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The 110ha of Con Dau village were leased to private company Sun Land Group to build a luxury eco-resort [1;9].

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Project area:430
Level of Investment:unknown
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:around 2000
Start of the conflict:05/2007
Company names or state enterprises:Sunland Real Estate Co.,ltd from Vietnam - propery development, infrastructure
Relevant government actors:Government of Da Nang City

113 Anti-Riot Police Unit
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Con Dau Parishioners Association; Vietnam Committee on Human Rights; FIDH - International Federation for Human Rights;
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Religious groups
translation missing: en.m.mobilizing_groups.fisher_people
Forms of mobilization:Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Refusal of compensation
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Noise pollution
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Potential: Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Criminalization of activists
Violent targeting of activists
Death of villager Nguyen Thanh Nam
Development of alternatives:When the project was first proposed, some villagers offered part of their rice fields for the eco-resort, trying to find a compromise solution. However, the government did not accept this proposal [1].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The project goes in spite of large evidence of human rights violations.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Decree No. 84/2007/ND-CP additionally stipulating the grant of land use right certificates, recovery of land, exercise of land use rights, order and procedures for compensation, support and resettlement upon land recovery by the State, and settlement of land related complaints.
[click to view]

Decree No. 22/1998/NĐ-CP (1998) on compensations for damage when the state recovers land for use in purposes of national defense, security, national interests and public interests
[click to view]

Vietnamese Land Law of 2013 (Land Law No.45/2013/QH13)
[click to view]

Vietnamese Land Law of 2003 (No. 13/2003/QH11)
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2] Con Dau Parish Blog (accessed 16/06/2015)
[click to view]

[3] UN-OHCHR Press Relsease (26/03/2015): "

Viet Nam land grabbing case needs to be urgently addressed – UN human rights experts" (accessed 16/06/2015)
[click to view]

[4] RFA News online (27/08/2010): "Con Dau Victim Speaks Out: A Catholic refugee describes his beating by Vietnamese authorities" (accessed 16/06/2015)
[click to view]

[click to view]

[5] RFA News online (24/08/2010): "Asylum Seekers Fear Return: A group of Catholics in Thailand says they are in danger of persecution in Vietnam." (accessed 16/06/2015)
[click to view]

[6] RFA News online (09/09/2010): "Police Target Refugee Families: Vietnamese authorities harass the families of Catholic parishioners." (accessed 16/06/2015)
[click to view]

[7] RFA News online - RFA’s Vietnamese Service (accessed 16/06/2015)
[click to view]

[9] Sun Land Group Project Website (accessed 16/06/2015)
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Video: Dân Oan Cồn Dầu Kêu Cứu!!!
[click to view]

Video on violent crackdown
[click to view]

Video: Interview with first Con Dau family to be resettled in US as refugees (05-15-12)
[click to view]

Other documents

[8] FIDH 2014. Alternative Report on the Implementation of the UN International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights for consideration of the Combined Second to Fourth Reports of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
[click to view]

Con Dau village (2008) Source:
[click to view]

Con Dau village (2008) Source:
[click to view]

Evictions Source:
[click to view]

Protests Source:
[click to view]

Protests Source:
[click to view]

Violent crackdown Source:
[click to view]

[1] Con Dau Parish report for download Source:
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:A. Scheidel (ICTA-UAB) / arnim "dot" scheidel "at" gmail "dot" com
Last update19/06/2015