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Conflict involving miners of Juma river, Novo Aripuana/AM, Brazil


Located in the Southern region of Amazonas State, the cities of Novo Aripuana and Apui have suffered from a heavy influx of artisanal miners from other Brazilian States (especially Para) after the discovery of Placer gold deposits on the banks of the river Juma, in Novo Aripuan. Emeralds and other gems have also been found.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Conflict involving miners of Juma river, Novo Aripuana/AM, Brazil
State or province:Amazonas
Location of conflict:Novo Aripuana e Apui
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Mineral ore exploration
Specific commodities:Gold
Emerald And Other Gems.
Project Details and Actors
Project details

It is estimated that the mine had extracted two tons of gold since 2006.

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Project area:100
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:20000
Company names or state enterprises:Minorte from Brazil
Relevant government actors:Departamento Nacional de Producao Mineral - DNPM, Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria - INCRA, Instituto Nacional de Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais Renovaveis - IBAMA, Companhia de Pesquisa de Recursos Naturais - CPRM, Ministerio Publico Federal - MPF, Governo do Estado do Amazonas, Secretaria Estadual de Desenvolvimento Sustentavel - SDS, Secretaria Estadual de Mineracao Geodiversidade de Recursos Hdricos - SEMGRH, Policia Militar do Estado do Amazonas
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Cooperativa dos Movimentos do Sul do Amazonas - Coperdsam, Cooperativa Extrativista Mineral Familiar do Juma - Cooperjuma
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Artisanal miners
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases, Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in violence and crime, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The miners won the right to explore the Juma River, but this did not diminish the social and environmental impacts recorded and there are still reports of violence caused by other prospectors that are not part of the local community.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

______. Portaria N 10, de 10/01/2007, Diario Oficial da Uniao de 11/01/2007. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 dez. 2008.
[click to view]

DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PRODUCAO MINERAL. Decreto de 19/04/2007, Diario Oficial da Uniao de 20/04/2007. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 dez. 2008.
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

MAPA DA INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Descoberta de ouro, garimpo e conflitos fundiarios trazem violencia e ameacam sade de populaes. Disponivel em:
[click to view]

AGORA SAO PAULO. Garimpo devasta floresta no Amazonas. 03 out. 2010. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 29 nov. 2012.
[click to view]

FARIAS, Elaize. Garimpo de ouro no Amazonas que chegou a atrair mais de 10 mil pessoas e legalizado. A Critica, 27 abr. 2011. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 29 nov. 2012.
[click to view]

PORTAL AMAZONIA. Governos fazem avaliacao do garimpo de novo Aripuana (AM). Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 dez. 2008.
[click to view]

PORTAL CULTURA. O Garimpo do Juma atrai levas de imigrantes do Para. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 dez. 2008.
[click to view]

AGENCIA FOLHA. INCRA diz ser dono de terras do garimpo ilegal de Novo Aripuana. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 dez. 2008.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Diogo Rocha
Last update18/08/2019
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