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Coal fired power plant near conservation areas in Pacitan, East Java, Indonesia

Complaints about decline of fisheries, coal dust and killing of turtles around the 630 MW Chinese financed power plant in Pacitan.


The 630-megawatt Pacitan coal-fired power plant began construction in 2007 and started working in 2013. There are many complaints about coal dust and air contamination [3]. Local fishermen say their catch has fallen dramatically since the project was launched, forcing them to fish much further offshore. People whose livelihoods have suffered say they have not received sufficient compensation, and that the plant offers little in terms of alternative employment for locals. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict: Coal fired power plant near conservation areas in Pacitan, East Java, Indonesia
State or province:East Java Province
Location of conflict:Sudimoro District, Pacitan Regency
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Thermal power plants
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Pacitan Power Plant is a 630-megawatt coal-fired power plant. The two 315 MW units went into commercial operation in 2011. Operations and maintenance of the Pacitan power plant is managed by PT Jawa Bali Power Plant Business Unit Operations & Maintenance Services, a subsidiary of government-owned electric company PLN.

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Level of Investment for the conflictive project293,000,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:2007
Company names or state enterprises:PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) from Indonesia
Dongfang Electric Corporation (DEC) from China - EPC contractor of the project
PT Dalle Energy (DE) from Indonesia - EPC contractor of the project
PT Pembangkitan Jawa-Bali (PJB) from Indonesia - Responsible for the operation and maintenance of the project
International and Finance InstitutionsExport-Import Bank of China from China
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:- Taman Ria turtle conservation center
- Sumberejo Fishermen’s Group
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Other Environmental impacts, Air pollution, Waste overflow
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage)
Other Environmental impactsDamage to turtles
Health ImpactsVisible: Other Health impacts
Potential: Malnutrition, Accidents
Other Health impactsCoal dust
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Other socio-economic impactsDamage to fisheries.
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
"PT Jawa Bali Power Plant Business Unit Operations & Maintenance Services, the company that operates the Pacitan Power Plant, has had some cooperation with the Taman Ria Beach Conservation to release sea turtles. For example, they sponsored a release of around 800 sea turtles in August 2016."
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The coal fired power plant is in operation.
Sources & Materials

[1] Efforts to conserve sea turtles disrupted by coal plant in East Java. 31 January 2017.
[click to view]

[2] Pacitan villagers say coal plant reduced livelihoods, brought little new employment
[click to view]

[3] In response to pollution complaints, a coal plant in Indonesia offered soap and mops. by Nuswantoro on 1 February 2017 |
[click to view]

Global Energy Observatory
[click to view]

PLN to secure $761m in loans from Chinese banks in June
[click to view]

Global Energy Monitor, "Pacitan Power Station",, accessed in May 2023
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:SM & JMA (ICTA-UAB)
Last update22/05/2023
Conflict ID:2978
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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