This conflict regarding the establishment of the Sri Nakarin Dam National Park and the Chalerm Rattanakosin Forest Reserves, located in Kanchanaburi Province, is a case of conflict that arose between customary and statutory claims over forest resources, as well as between global conservation trends and local livelihood goals  Following increasing deforestation during the 1960s, the Thai government turned more and more towards forest conservation through the establishment of National Parks and Forest Reserves, based on the National Park Act of 1961. The law prescribed that any economic activity within a national park is largely forbidden, including those activities directly related to small-famers’ subsistence, such as collection of timber and non-timber products, flowers, herbs, fruits, honey, charcoal and the like. The law provoked countrywide conflicts with local villagers strongly depending on such activities, affected by national parks that nowadays cover around 23 percent of all Thai forests. The situation improved with new laws released towards the end of the 1990s, allowing for such activities, given that villagers had been living in the area already before the establishment of a park. However, the exclusionary vision on conservation goals still persists in many areas .