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Construction of the Baltic Nuclear Power Plant, Russia


In all, Russia plans to have 26 nuclear power plant units by 2030, seven of them of which are already under construction.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Construction of the Baltic Nuclear Power Plant, Russia
Country:Russian Federation
State or province:Kaliningrad region
Location of conflict:Neman district
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Nuclear power plants
Specific commodities:Uranium
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Baltic Power Plant consists of two VVER-1200 (two-circuit water-water) reactors (водо-водяной энергетический реактор) that were initially developed to power nuclear submarines. The first ever reactor of this type will only be turned on next year in Novovoronezh Nuclear Power Plant. Each Baltic NPP reactor will have the capacity of 1,150 megawatts and should be turned on in 2016 and 2018. The turbines will be French-made Arabelle. The envisaged life-span of the power plant is 50 years.

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Project area:287.37
Level of Investment:8,000,000,000.00 (5 billion euros)
Type of populationUrban
Start of the conflict:25/10/2010
Company names or state enterprises:Rosenergoatom from Russian Federation
Alstom from France
Atomprojekt from Russian Federation
Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation (Rosatom) from Russian Federation
International and Finance InstitutionsSociete Generale (SGA) from France
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Initiative group "Ekozaschita"
Environmental organization "Bellona"
Local ecological organizations
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Lithuanian government, citizens and environmentalist groups
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Other Environmental impacts
Other Environmental impactsRisk of nuclear contamination
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Other socio-economic impacts
Other socio-economic impactsRisk of nuclear contamination
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Project temporarily suspended
The protests were ignored
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The protests were ignored; no further protest activities were done. Construction began before meaningful consultations were carried out locally or with neighbouring Lithuania.
Sources & Materials

Protest by the Russian Embassy in Latvia
[click to view]

Protest in the city Sovetsk
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Article about the protest planned on the 11th of September
[click to view]

Article "Nuclear Power in Russia"
[click to view]

Critics on the EIA study
[click to view]

Criticism on public hearings in Neman (24.07.2009)
[click to view]

Rally of supporters of Baltic NPP, organized by the United Russia party
[click to view]

canvassing for a referendum on Constructio Baltic NPP in social networks
[click to view]

Alstom infrormation on the project
[click to view]

Cancellation of public hearings on the preliminary assessment of the environmental impact assessment
[click to view]

(1) Russian Cart in front of a horse
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Video for the referendum with the slogan "We live! We decide"
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Natalia Finogenova
Last update18/08/2019
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