Construction of the Baltic Nuclear Power Plant, Russia


In all, Russia plans to have 26 nuclear power plant units by 2030, seven of them of which are already under construction.

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Basic Data
NameConstruction of the Baltic Nuclear Power Plant, Russia
CountryRussian Federation
ProvinceKaliningrad region
SiteNeman district
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe Baltic Power Plant consists of two VVER-1200 (two-circuit water-water) reactors (водо-водяной энергетический реактор) that were initially developed to power nuclear submarines. The first ever reactor of this type will only be turned on next year in Novovoronezh Nuclear Power Plant. Each Baltic NPP reactor will have the capacity of 1,150 megawatts and should be turned on in 2016 and 2018. The turbines will be French-made Arabelle. The envisaged life-span of the power plant is 50 years.

MWe gross (net expected) - 1194 (1109)

Worley Parsons was appointed technical consultant for the project.

The joint venture Alstom-Atomenergomash (AAEM), established in 2007 between Alstom and OAO Atomenergomash, part of Russia’s state-owned Rosatom Group, was suspected to build the turbine island for the nuclear power plant. AAEM is the supplier and installer of the major equipment of the turbine island, including Alstom’s ARABELLE steam turbines, generators, condensers, moisture separator reheaters, low-pressure and high-pressure feed water heaters, feed water tanks and various other auxiliary equipment.
Project Area (in hectares)287.37
Level of Investment (in USD)8,000,000,000.00 (5 billion euros)
Type of PopulationUrban
Start Date25/10/2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesRosenergoatom from Russian Federation
Alstom from France
Atomprojekt from Russian Federation
Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation (Rosatom) from Russian Federation
International and Financial InstitutionsSociete Generale (SGA) from France
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersInitiative group "Ekozaschita"

Environmental organization "Bellona"

Local ecological organizations
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Lithuanian government, citizens and environmentalist groups
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Other Environmental impacts
OtherRisk of nuclear contamination
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Other socio-economic impacts
OtherRisk of nuclear contamination
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseProject temporarily suspended
The protests were ignored
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The protests were ignored; no further protest activities were done. Construction began before meaningful consultations were carried out locally or with neighbouring Lithuania.
Sources and Materials

Article about the protest planned on the 11th of September
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Protest by the Russian Embassy in Latvia
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Protest in the city Sovetsk
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Alstom infrormation on the project
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Article "Nuclear Power in Russia"
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Cancellation of public hearings on the preliminary assessment of the environmental impact assessment
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Criticism on public hearings in Neman (24.07.2009)
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Critics on the EIA study
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Rally of supporters of Baltic NPP, organized by the United Russia party
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canvassing for a referendum on Constructio Baltic NPP in social networks
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(1) Russian Cart in front of a horse
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Media Links

Video for the referendum with the slogan "We live! We decide"
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Other Documents

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Meta Information
ContributorNatalia Finogenova
Last update17/09/2014