Last update:
2019-03-22

Crucitas, Costa Rica

Description:

El proyecto Crucitas se localiza en el distrito de Cutris, canton San Carlos, en la provincia de Alajuela en Costa Rica, en la frontera de Costa Rica y Nicaragua, en la cuenca del rio San Juan, lugar conocido por su rica biodiversidad (el lugar registra 130 especies de arboles por hectarea).

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Crucitas, Costa Rica
Country:Costa Rica
State or province:Alajuela
Location of conflict:Las Crucitas
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Mineral ore exploration
Interbasin water transfers/transboundary water conflicts
Specific commodities:Gold
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Mina a cielo abierto.

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Project area:200
Level of Investment:66000000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:1994
End of the conflict:2011
Company names or state enterprises:Infinito Gold Ltd. from Canada
Relevant government actors:Gobierno de Costa Rica, Direccion de Geologia y Minas, Procuraduria General de la Republica, Corte Suprema de Justicia, Tribunal Contencioso Administrativo
International and Finance InstitutionsInternational Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) from United States of America
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Frente Nacional de Oposicion a la Mineria, Asociacion Preservacionista de Flora y Fauna Silvestre APREFLOFAS, Union Norte por la Vida, Coordinadora Ni Una Sola Mina, Frente Norte Contra la Mineria
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Government of Nicaragua (neighbouring state)
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project cancelled
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:El proyecto se encuentra detenido, luego de una larga secuencia de presionpopular que obligó al Tribunal Contencioso Administrativo a suspender el proyecto y levantar una investigacion en contra del
ex-presidente Oscar Arias. Hay que ver qué ocurre en 2014 con la pretensión de Infinito Gold de reclamar indemnización a Costa Rica en el Ciadi (Banco Mundial).
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Decreto Ejecutivo N 35982-MINAET, Moratoria en Mineria (reforma del

2010)

Decreto Ejecutivo 34801 MINAET (declara de interes publico el proyecto minero Las Crucitas, en Cutris de San Carlos)

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Infinito Gold Ltd.
[click to view]

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL
[click to view]

Fact Sheet Costa Rica, Crucitas EJOLT
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[click to view]

Sentencia del caso por la mina Crucitas
[click to view]

OCMAL
[click to view]

Entorno Inteligente
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Patricio Chávez y Joan Martinez Alier
Last update22/03/2019
Comments
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