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Crude Fire Ravages Ubeji, Nigeria


Ubeji community is located in the Warri South Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. The community among several others play host to the Warri Refinery and Petrochemical Company (WRPC), a subsidiary of the Government owned Nigerian National Petroleum Company, NNPC.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Crude Fire Ravages Ubeji, Nigeria
State or province:Delta State
Location of conflict:Ubeji Community, Warri South Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Gas flaring
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationSemi-urban
Company names or state enterprises:Warri Refinery and Petroleum Chemical Company (WRPC) from Nigeria - A Subsidiary of Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (Nigeria)
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actors:Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action, Oilwatch Africa
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Oil spills, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Development of alternatives:-Immediate and thorough clean up of the creeks and surrounding areas.
-The NNPC should embark on a comprehensive safety audit of all their equipment and installations and replace faulty and weak structures to forestall future occurrences.
-Adequate compensation and relief be made to the affected communities, particularly Ubeji.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:As long as the refinery continues to pose a threat to residence in the area, through emissions of gaseous substance and frequent fire outbreak. The community is shadow of itself, due to destruction of livelihoods. Nothing has been done to solve the situation, as long as the refineries remain.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

ERA field report
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Nnimmo Bassey
Last update08/04/2014
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