Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station, AP, India


To meet the increasing power demand in the state, Andhra Pradesh Power Development Company Limited (APPDCL) planned two Mega Power Projects on fast track basis. These two power plants are; one at Krishnapatnam, in Nellore District and other one in Karimnagar. The plant located at Nellatur village near Krishnapatnam is of Coal based Super Critical Thermal Power Station of 1600 MW (2 x 800 MW). The plant proposed plant at Karimnagar will be gas based combined Cycle Power Plant [3].

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Basic Data
NameDamodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station, AP, India
ProvinceAndhra Pradesh
SiteVillage- Nelatur, Krishnapatnam; District- Nellore
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsDamodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station is of 2 x 800 MW Coal based Super Critical Thermal Power Station. The project has been developed by a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) formed by AP Genco, AP Discoms and Government of Andhra Pradesh [5]. The plant will use both domestic and imported coal at 70:30 ratios. Among the total coal required for the project, 5 million tons per annum (about 71.4 per cent) is expected from Mahanadi Coalfields Limited and 2 million tons per annum (about 28.6 per cent) will be imported. The water requirement of the plant is to be met from the Sea. Desalination process will be used to make the water potable. The AP Genco has constructed the plant on about 1,170 acres of land [3]. One of the units of this power plant has started its production in March 2014 [3]. It is a unique project in the sense that ‘it is the first 800 mw supercritical unit in the State and also first amongst public sector utilities’ [5]

Finance: The German bank provided a loan of Rs. 1,871 crores for the project. Another Rs. 4,786 crore was financed by Power Finance Corporation Ltd. The estimated total cost is about Rs. 8,432 crore [4]
Project Area (in hectares)607
Level of Investment (in USD)1,685,701,920 (Rs. 8,432 crore)
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population10,000
Start Date12/2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesAndhra Pradesh Power Development Company Limited from India
APGenco from India
Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC) from India
Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL) from India - Major contractor of the Project
Navayuga Engineering Company from India - Sea water supply related work
Larsen & Toubro Limited (L&T) from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Andhra Pradesh
International and Financial InstitutionsKFW Bank from Germany
Power Finance Corporation (PFC) from India
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersLocal villagers

Land loosers

Local Member of Legislative Assembly
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Industrial workers
Informal workers
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Trade unions
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Global warming
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood
Potential: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Negotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesThe locals are demanding suitable compensation to the land acquired for construction of the power plant. The contractual workers demanded job security, healthcare facilities and technical education and other infrastructure in the village [2]
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.According to the protesting villagers, during the land acquisition process, government promised job to one person in a family for the land owners, insurance coverage for aged persons, accidental coverage and immediate compensation under Relief and Rehabilitation package. As per the agreement, the power plant management assured the jobs to about 500 workers including 75 local youth in the plant on contract basis. However, government has failed to fulfill all the above mentioned promises. Instead of job for the locals, workers outside the locality have been hired. Now, their demands include the regularization of services of the casual workers and also a hike in their salary.
Sources and Materials

Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy 2005 Andhra Pradesh
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U.C Mishra, "Environmental impact of coal industry and thermal power plants in India"
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Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station
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[1] YSR nips expansion plans of Krishnapatnam power plant
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[2] The Hindu, "Works stalled at Damodaram Sanjeevaiah power plant"
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Seemandhra region set to become power house
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Opposition to coal in India
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[3] Andhra Pradesh Power Development Company Ltd
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[4] Nelatur power plant 1st unit to be ready by 2013
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[5] 800-MW unit-I of AP Genco’s Krishnapatnam plant goes on stream
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Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station
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The Hindu, "Ambiguity over power supply from Krishnapatnam" Feb 2015
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Media Links

APGENCO Power Production Start in Krishnapatnam Thermal Power Plant (in Telegu)
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Other Documents

Sri. Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station Source : http://website.apgenco.gov.in/inner.asp?frm=jvslink3
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update25/02/2015