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GMOs law in agriculture and husbandry, Serbia

The law which forbids growing, trade and transport of GMOs in Serbia might be changed to meet the requirements of admission to the EU and the WTO.


The Law on Genetically Modified Organisms from 2009 forbids growing, trade and transport of GMOs in Serbia.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:GMOs law in agriculture and husbandry, Serbia
Location of conflict:Belgrade
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:GMOs
Specific commodities:Soybeans
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Project area:3,800,000
Level of Investment for the conflictive project80,000,000
Type of populationUnknown
Affected Population:7,000,000
Start of the conflict:2011
Company names or state enterprises:Monsanto Corporation (Monsanto Co) from United States of America - Provision of corn seeds to flood-affected farmers
McDonalds from United States of America - Use of meat of chicken fed with GMO crops
Relevant government actors:The Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection; Government of the Republic of Serbia; National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia; Municipal goverments
International and Finance InstitutionsWorld Trade Organisation (WTO) - Demand modification of the GMO in order to let Serbia access the EU
European Union (EU) - Demand modification of the GMO in order to let Serbia access the EU
Danube Soya - "Danube Soya" label for GMO-free animal products have been used in Serbia since May 2015
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Ekoloski pokret Novog Sada:; Ekoloski pokret Srbije; Srbija bez GMO:; Zdrava zemlja:; Zeleni Srbije:; Serbia Organica; Organic Control System; CEKOR; Terras; Asocijacija poljoprivrednika Srbije; Zelena mreza Vojvodine; Natura balkanika; Centar Dunav soja; Celebrities: Emir Kusturica.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Genetic contamination
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:The conflict is ongoing. There were no changes in the positions of involved actors.
Proposal and development of alternatives:The activists opted for 20 years moratorium on GMOs. The experts suggested holding a national referendum to decide on the issue, as well as consulting the professionals on changing the Law. In addition, the academia representatives support establishment of Association of Municipalities and Cities signatories of the declaration "Serbia without GMO" and their joining to the European GMO-free Network.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The Law on Genetically Modified Organisms from the 2009 is still in force. However, the Law modification proposal is high in the parliament’s agenda as Serbia is on its way to access the EU. Additionally, there was no answer to the proposals made by the opponents. On the positive side is that the Serbian government has recognised economic benefits of exporting non-GMO soya to the EU.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

The Law on GMOs- Zakon o geneticki modifikovanim organizmima "Sl. glasnik RS", br. 41/2009."
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Serbia to scrap genetically modified food ban
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GMO se masovno uvozi
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Oprez: Modificirana soja na poljima i trpezi
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Srbija je jedina zemlja koja proizvodi "non GMO" soju
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Ostanimo zemlja bez GMO
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GMO news related to Serbia
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Uzgoj GMO u Srbiji uprkos zabrani
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GMO polemics in Serbia
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Serbian WTO membership declined due to GMO
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Stop GMO u Srbiji
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Pištaljka: Mekdonalds prodaje GMO piletinu
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Primese o GMO u hrani moraju da se obeleze
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Uvaljuju nam GMO: Monsanto donirao seme poplavljenim podrucjima!
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Zabranjena GMO soja na mačvanskim njivama
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Do tri miliona dinara kazne za gajenje GMO hrane
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Stop GMO protest in Belgrade in December 2013
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Održani skupovi na temu ‘Zaustavimo GMO u Srbiji’
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"Zbog GMO ćemo gubiti milijarde"
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Srbija pred ultimatumom
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Skrining završen, još zakon o GMO
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New Law on GMO is prohibiting trade or commercial growing of GMO
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Modifikovana soja caruje Vojvodinom
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Uzgoj GMO u Srbiji uprkos zabrani
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Srbija se priprema za dozvolu prometa GMO
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GMO, 27. OKTOBAR 2015
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Stop GMO protest in Belgrade in December 2013
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Srbija seje GMO soju iz nuzde
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RTS Emisija OKO
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Ekoprotest 2013
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Meta information
Contributor:Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1664
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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