GMOs law in agriculture and husbandry, Serbia

The law which forbids growing, trade and transport of GMOs in Serbia might be changed to meet the requirements of admission to the EU and the WTO.


The Law on Genetically Modified Organisms from 2009 forbids growing, trade and transport of GMOs in Serbia.

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Basic Data
NameGMOs law in agriculture and husbandry, Serbia
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)GMOs
Specific CommoditiesGMOs
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)3,800,000
Level of Investment (in USD)80,000,000
Type of PopulationUnknown
Potential Affected Population7,000,000
Start Date2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesMonsanto Corporation (Monsanto Co) from United States of America - Provision of corn seeds to flood-affected farmers
McDonalds from United States of America - Use of meat of chicken fed with GMO crops
Relevant government actorsThe Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection; Government of the Republic of Serbia; National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia; Municipal goverments
International and Financial InstitutionsWorld Trade Organisation (WTO) - Demand modification of the GMO in order to let Serbia access the EU
European Union (EU) - Demand modification of the GMO in order to let Serbia access the EU
Danube Soya - "Danube Soya" label for GMO-free animal products have been used in Serbia since May 2015
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEkoloski pokret Novog Sada:; Ekoloski pokret Srbije; Srbija bez GMO:; Zdrava zemlja:; Zeleni Srbije:; Serbia Organica; Organic Control System; CEKOR; Terras; Asocijacija poljoprivrednika Srbije; Zelena mreza Vojvodine; Natura balkanika; Centar Dunav soja; Celebrities: Emir Kusturica.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Genetic contamination
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseThe conflict is ongoing. There were no changes in the positions of involved actors.
Development of AlternativesThe activists opted for 20 years moratorium on GMOs. The experts suggested holding a national referendum to decide on the issue, as well as consulting the professionals on changing the Law. In addition, the academia representatives support establishment of Association of Municipalities and Cities signatories of the declaration "Serbia without GMO" and their joining to the European GMO-free Network.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The Law on Genetically Modified Organisms from the 2009 is still in force. However, the Law modification proposal is high in the parliament’s agenda as Serbia is on its way to access the EU. Additionally, there was no answer to the proposals made by the opponents. On the positive side is that the Serbian government has recognised economic benefits of exporting non-GMO soya to the EU.
Sources and Materials

The Law on GMOs- Zakon o geneticki modifikovanim organizmima "Sl. glasnik RS", br. 41/2009."
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GMO polemics in Serbia
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Serbia to scrap genetically modified food ban
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Serbian WTO membership declined due to GMO
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Stop GMO u Srbiji
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Pištaljka: Mekdonalds prodaje GMO piletinu
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Primese o GMO u hrani moraju da se obeleze
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GMO se masovno uvozi
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Oprez: Modificirana soja na poljima i trpezi
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Uzgoj GMO u Srbiji uprkos zabrani
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Modifikovana soja caruje Vojvodinom
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New Law on GMO is prohibiting trade or commercial growing of GMO
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Uvaljuju nam GMO: Monsanto donirao seme poplavljenim podrucjima!
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Zabranjena GMO soja na mačvanskim njivama
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Do tri miliona dinara kazne za gajenje GMO hrane
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Stop GMO protest in Belgrade in December 2013
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Održani skupovi na temu ‘Zaustavimo GMO u Srbiji’
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"Zbog GMO ćemo gubiti milijarde"
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Srbija pred ultimatumom
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Skrining završen, još zakon o GMO
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Srbija je jedina zemlja koja proizvodi "non GMO" soju
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Ostanimo zemlja bez GMO
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GMO news related to Serbia
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Media Links

Uzgoj GMO u Srbiji uprkos zabrani
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Srbija se priprema za dozvolu prometa GMO
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Srbija seje GMO soju iz nuzde
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RTS Emisija OKO
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Stop GMO protest in Belgrade in December 2013
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Ekoprotest 2013
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GMO, 27. OKTOBAR 2015
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Other Documents

Protest against GMO Details from the protest in front of the national assembly in Belgrade, December 2013
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"The people have the power"-“Građani imaju moć” Citizens protesting against GMO, Belgrade, May 2013
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Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update11/04/2016