In this area there are 47 oil wells and three oil platforms belonging to the Ecuadorian oil company. Oil production has been the leading economic activity since the 1970s onwards in Ecuador. It has been concentrated mainly in the northern Amazonian provinces (Sucumbios and Orellana) which have experienced severe environmental degradation and processes of impoverishment. Within this context, local inhabitants have been mobilizing and demanding fairer distribution of oil resources for a long time ago. In 2005 the Ecuadorian government signed an agreement in which it committed itself to improve the highway network infrastructure in the province of Orellana. Yet up to 2007 the government did not undertake any action regarding this issue. As a consequence of that, in November 2007 the population of the parish of Dayuma went on strike. They blocked the Aucas oil street which in turn caused the interruption of Petroproduccions operations. In response to this situation the government declared a state of emergency in the Orellana province and ordered the military to take action in Dayuma. During its intervention the military committed severe violations of human rights such as physical torture and unjustified detentions.