Last update:
2014-04-08

Demarcation of Indios land in the Serra do Padeiro, Brazil

Description:

The indigenous community Tupinamba lives of subsistence agriculture, mainly of cassava cultivation for the production of flour. Their main villages are situated in the area of Serra do Padeiro that extends the current municipalities of Buerarema and Una. Since 2003, the Indigenous communities of the region began a comprehensive process of resumption of its traditional lands that are currently occupied by farmers and landowners. According to the indigenous communities, this process was caused by the slowness with which the Fundacao Nacional do Indio (Funai) has responded to the demands of the community for the demarcation of their land. The resumption of traditional lands is at the root of a conflict between the local leaders, farmers, resulting in violence by military and federal police, gunmen action and torture.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Demarcation of Indios land in the Serra do Padeiro, Brazil
Country:Brazil
State or province:Bahia
Location of conflict:Una e Buerarema
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Land acquisition conflicts
Deforestation
Specific commodities:Several Agricultural Crops And Unproductive Farms.
Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Several agricultural crops and unproductive farms.

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Project area:47376
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:5000
Start of the conflict:2003
Company names or state enterprises:Private landowners
Relevant government actors:Fundacao Nacional do Indio - FUNAI, Fundacao Nacional de Saude - FUNASA, Ministerio da Justica - MJ, Policia Federal - PF, Ministerio Publico Federal - MPF
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Conselho Indigenista Missionario - Cimi;, Associacao Nacional de Acao Indigenista - ANAI;, Organizacao Popular Aymbere (OPA;, Articulacao dos Povos Indigenas do Brasil (Apib);, Articulacao dos Povos e Organizacoes Indigenas do Nordeste, Minas Gerais e Espírito Santo (Apoinme);, Articulacao dos Povos Indigenas do Pantanal e Regiao (Arpipan);, Articulacao dos Povos Indigenas da Regiao Sul (Arpinsul), Coordenacao das Organizacoes Indigenas da Amazonia Brasileira (COIAB);, Articulacao dos Povos Indigenas da Regiao Sudeste (Arpinsudeste), Aty Guassu;, Escola Agricola Comunitaria Margarida Alves;, Associacao para o Resgate Social Camacaense (ARES);, Comissao Pastoral da Terra (CPT);, Federacao de Orgaos para Assistência Social e Educacional (FASE);, Movimento Negro Unificado (MNU);, Conselho de Cidadania Paroquial de Santa Rita de Cássia, Itabuna (CCP);, Missionarias Agostinianas Recoletas de Itabuna;, Fraternidade das Catequistas Franciscanas de Itabuna; Fórum de Luta por Terra, Trabalho e Cidadania da Regiao Cacaueira;, Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas para o Desenvolvimento do Extremo Sul (CEDEPES);, Frente de Luta e Resistencia do Povo Pataxo do Extremo Sul da Bahia;, Sindicato dos Bancários do Extremo Sul da Bahia;, Comissao de Lideranças do Povo Pataxó Ha-Ha-Hae;, Centro de Estudos e Acao Social (CEAS);, Movimento de Trabalhadores Assentados e Acampados e Quilombolas da Bahia, Sociedade Ambientalista da Lavoura Cacaueira (SALVA);, Rede Alerta Contra o Deserto Verde da Bahia e Espírito Santo;, Pastoral da Juventude da Diocese de Itabuna; Coordenadoria Ecumenica de Serviço (CESE);, Centro de Desenvolvimento Agro-ecologico do Extremo Sul da Bahia (Terra Viva);
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Public campaigns
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Fires, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Deaths
Potential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in violence and crime
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Migration/displacement
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Development of alternatives:Land rights to the indigenous communities should be recognized.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The Indians still failed to complete demarcation and access to their ancestral lands and remain in the fight for their land rights.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Comprometimento dos direitos humanos do Povo Tupinamba da Serra do Padeiro: doenças, violencia policial, coronelismo e condicoes precarias da saude indigena. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 23
[click to view]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL. Urgent action: fear for safety of detained indigenous chief. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 20 jul. 2010.
[click to view]

AMORIM, Felipe. Tupinambas sao proibidos de visitar o cacique Babau na sede da PF. Correio da Bahia, Salvador, 20 mar. 2010. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 20 jul. 2010.
[click to view]

AUGUSTO, Carlos. Entidades feirenses farao ato em defesa do cacique Babau. Indio esta preso ha 13 dias. Feira de Santana Hoje, 25 mar. 2010. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 20 jul. 2010.
[click to view]

ARTICULACAO DOS POVOS INDÍGENAS DO BRASIL. Justica nega pedido de habeas corpus para cacique Babau. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 20 jul. 2010.
[click to view]

BEVENUTI, Patrícia. PF usa de violencia para despejar 40 familias Tupinamba no sul da Bahia. Uniao Campo e Floresta, 01 fev. 2012. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 20 jul. 2010.
[click to view]

COMUNIDADE TUPINAMBA DA SERRA DO PADEIRO. Documento da Comunidade Tupinamba da Serra do Padeiro. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 11 nov. 2008.
[click to view]

AGENCIA CONSCIENCIA.NET. Tupinamba de Serra do Padeiro ocupam Prefeitura de Una (BA). Disponivel em: Acesso em: 11 nov. 2008.
[click to view]

ARTICULACAO DOS POVOS INDIGENAS DO NORDESTE, MINAS GERAIS E ESPIRITO SANTO. Nota de Repúdio a arbitrariedade da prisao de Gliceria Tupinamba. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 20 jul. 2010.
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Caciq. babau, Aldeia Tupinamba da Serra do Padeiro
[click to view]

Testimonies from the communities (In Portuguese)

Visita a Tupinambá Serra do Padeiro
[click to view]

Comunidade indigena Tupinamba de Serra do Padeiro. maio 2010
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Diogo Rocha
Last update18/08/2019
Comments
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