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Deva Muncel gold and polymetallic ores exploitation, Romania

In Deva Muncel, the exploration and drilling permits were given to Eldorado Gold without a previous public consultation. All the drillings conducted in this area were made without the community consent.


More and more communities throughout Romania, with gold-silver and polymetallic deposits in their underground are targeted by destructive mining projects. In the absence of prior consent or consultation of residents, a mining company registered in a tax haven enjoys the endorsement of authorities to conduct drilling near Deva and Brad, two towns in Romania. These operations of prospecting and exploration drilling are just the initial phases of a type of industrial development that impoverishes local communities and destroys their chance to have a sustainable future. According to the Environmental Protection Agency in Deva, none of the drilling needed an environmental impact assessment.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Deva Muncel gold and polymetallic ores exploitation, Romania
State or province:Hunedoara
Location of conflict:Vetel commune
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Mineral ore exploration
Mineral processing
Specific commodities:Gold
polymetallic ores
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Name of the mining area: Deva Muncel (Deva area), Deva Muncel (Muncel area) mining areas

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Project area:3200
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:3000
Start of the conflict:06/11/2013
Company names or state enterprises:Eldorado Gold (EG) from Canada
European Goldfields SRL from Romania
Relevant government actors:National Agency for Mineral Resources (NAMR)
Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MMSC)
Agency Hunedoara (Hunedoara EPA)
Hunedoara County Council
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:The Mining Watch Romania network
Independent Centre for the Development of Environmental Resources
Alburnus Maior Association
Efectul Fluture Association
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
Reaction stageLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Strengthening of participation
Permission granted for drilling
Proposal and development of alternatives:Mining Watch Romania Deva calls for local authorities to respond immediately to public inquires in order to clarify the permitting state of the exploration drilling taking place in Deva and calls for the immediate publication of all information on permits and agreements issued by the Local Council regarding the above mentioned mining project.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The exploration and drilling permits were given to Eldorado Gold without a previous public consultation, even though this was repeatedly requested by Mining Watch Romania. More than that, the local council entitled the mining company to expand its drilling in new areas, that are under public ownership. All the drilling activity has been conducted without the community consent.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Roxana Pencea, Stefania Simion, Tudor Brădățan, Romania - a mined field
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Deva Gold expands the Certej project
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Foraje minere fără consimţământul comunităţii în Deva-Muncel şi Brad
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Who is behind the Deva Gold business
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Eldorado Gold demareaza explorarea in perimetrele aurifere Brad, Deva si Muncel
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Mining Watch Romania
[click to view]

Mining Watch Romania - No community consent for exploration drilling in Deva-Muncel and Brad
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Meta information
Contributor:Roxana Pencea, Raluca Vestemeanu - Mining Watch Romania, [email protected]
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1961
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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