Deva Muncel gold and polymetallic ores exploitation, Romania

In Deva Muncel, the exploration and drilling permits were given to Eldorado Gold without a previous public consultation. All the drillings conducted in this area were made without the community consent.


More and more communities throughout Romania, with gold-silver and polymetallic deposits in their underground are targeted by destructive mining projects. In the absence of prior consent or consultation of residents, a mining company registered in a tax haven enjoys the endorsement of authorities to conduct drilling near Deva and Brad, two towns in Romania. These operations of prospecting and exploration drilling are just the initial phases of a type of industrial development that impoverishes local communities and destroys their chance to have a sustainable future. According to the Environmental Protection Agency in Deva, none of the drilling needed an environmental impact assessment.

See more...
Basic Data
NameDeva Muncel gold and polymetallic ores exploitation, Romania
SiteVetel commune
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Mineral processing
Specific Commoditiespolymetallic ores
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsName of the mining area: Deva Muncel (Deva area), Deva Muncel (Muncel area) mining areas

Location: Vețel commune, Hunedoara county

License issuance date: exploration license No. 15995 and 15996/01.2013

Project holder 2013: European Goldfields Deva SRL

Shareholders: Eldorado Gold (80-100%) (by its subsidiary Deva Gold Barbados Ltd.)

Data on the deposit: polymetallic ores, including gold

Project permitting stage: –
Project Area (in hectares)3200
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population3000
Start Date06/11/2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesEldorado Gold (EG) from Canada
European Goldfields SRL from Romania
Relevant government actorsNational Agency for Mineral Resources (NAMR)

Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MMSC)

Agency Hunedoara (Hunedoara EPA)

Hunedoara County Council
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersThe Mining Watch Romania network

Independent Centre for the Development of Environmental Resources

Alburnus Maior Association

Efectul Fluture Association
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Permission granted for drilling
Development of AlternativesMining Watch Romania Deva calls for local authorities to respond immediately to public inquires in order to clarify the permitting state of the exploration drilling taking place in Deva and calls for the immediate publication of all information on permits and agreements issued by the Local Council regarding the above mentioned mining project.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The exploration and drilling permits were given to Eldorado Gold without a previous public consultation, even though this was repeatedly requested by Mining Watch Romania. More than that, the local council entitled the mining company to expand its drilling in new areas, that are under public ownership. All the drilling activity has been conducted without the community consent.
Sources and Materials

Roxana Pencea, Stefania Simion, Tudor Brădățan, Romania - a mined field
[click to view]


Who is behind the Deva Gold business
[click to view]

Deva Gold expands the Certej project
[click to view]

Foraje minere fără consimţământul comunităţii în Deva-Muncel şi Brad
[click to view]

Eldorado Gold demareaza explorarea in perimetrele aurifere Brad, Deva si Muncel
[click to view]

Mining Watch Romania - No community consent for exploration drilling in Deva-Muncel and Brad
[click to view]

Mining Watch Romania
[click to view]

Other Documents

Deva Muncel Mine drilling without the consent of the community at Deva Muncel
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorRoxana Pencea, Raluca Vestemeanu - Mining Watch Romania, [email protected]
Last update28/10/2015